Solar Energy

by noybppl1258894034de69b
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Solar Energy

Solar Energy- The Best Renewable Energy Choice for NJ

Availability:- Solar energy is the cleanest and most abundant renewable energy source available and is therefore perfectly compatible with the New Jersey Climate. - NJ is exposed to 56% of sunshine from sunrise to sunset- NJ is not a particularly urban area, and has more open fields in comparison to it’s east-coast neighbors - Silicon, the primary material used in solar cells, is the 2nd most abundant element on the planet

Sustainability:- Sunlight is a constant stream of energy. It is a renewable resource- Over the years, the installation and maintenance costs have become increasingly affordable

Fossil Fuels- Fossil fuels are nonrenewable resources. They cost money to procure, and continued reliance will end badly in the long run. Solar energy is a renewable resource and, in case anyone hasn’t received the memo, it will be readily available for the next 4.6 billion years- Fossil fuels produce smog, acid precipitation, and potential risk of oil spills. More importantly, global dependance of this form of energy has been the leading cause of human Carbon Dioxide emissions, a greenhouse gas that eats away at the atmosphere. Solar energy presents no such problemsNuclear- Uranium is scarce and hard to supply, primarily mined in Asia and the Middle East. This makes it an nonrenewable resource (defer to first bullet under fossil fuels to see how this differs from solar)- There are heavy concerns surrounding the prospect of introducing nuclear power plants- the change in power culture and the vertible risks fairly outweigh any benefits, as the prospect of releasing radiation and having radioactive waste in NJ soil and water is bad for the environment, and life in general. - Nuclear energy does not have a clear track record, some examples including the Chernobyl Disaster in Pripyat and The Three Mile accident in Pennsylvania!Wind- While this could be a plausible energy choice for Kansas or Nebraska, the NJ climate simply does not mean a lot of wind, at least, not enough to make it the primary energy resource. It might be argued that the state is not particularly sunny state either, but when other information is factored in SP is the better alternative- Wind energy provides more of a concern than SP- not only would the turbines be more likely to be considered an eyesore, but there are valid environmental concerns for birds’ and bats’ interactions with a plethora of spinning fan blades. Turbines also take up more space, as solar paneling might be installed on roofing whereas the turbines take up landscape and potentially destroy habitatsWater- While there is a coast on the Atlantic Ocean, central NJ has no major water reservoir or river running through it that makes access easy for the entire state the way it might be in Michigan, or up north by the Niagara Falls. This method simply isn’t compliant with NJ geography- the Delaware river is far west, and the Raritan river is not large enough- Even if it was a possibility, the building of a dam as well as maintenance would be costly and would hence destroy major ecosystems Geothermal- While this form of energy is renewable, it just would never work in NJ. The process requires a hot ground spot, which, while available in Iceland or CA, New Jersey isn’t quite famous for it’s warm geysers. - Additionally, the sheer cost of installing and maintaining this technology, as well as the environmental cost in the production of wastewater and the chance of hydraulic fracturingBiomass- Biomass is not clean nor efficient. Despite being carbon neutral, the process results in the emission of methane (another greenhouse gas). People living in the area would take issue with the pollution, smoke, and smell. - This form of energy is also inefficient by comparison- biodiesel, for example, is not nearly as efficient as gasoline, and long term usage of ethanol starts to damage machinery. It also consumes to much fuel and therefore contributes to deforestationFinally, the equipment will not only be expensive, but will take up much landspace

Environmental Impact:- Land use and potential habitat lost, but it is a small price - Comparatively, is the most eco-friendly alternative energy resource available to NJ- No toxic fumes expelled, no risk to animals, no greenhouse gases or methane released, does not damage ecosystems, does not produce any sort of waste, etc.

Change in Power Culture:Yes, the conversion will be a challenge, as solar power has a high initial cost. We can remedy this by- Creating incentives, like encouraging manufacturers to lower the installation cost - Provide some sort of Gov. support for a conversion- Ensure that people are aware of the long-term savings- Promote the technology & encourage people to go green, raise awareness over the issue that is global warming, etc.

Change in Infrastructure:- Set up solar farms- Solar energy does not take up as much land as it panels may be installed directly on roofing- Additionally, solar panels are not generally as much of an eyesore as windmills and pipes

Change in Infrastructure:Set up solar farmsSolar energy does not take up as much land as it panels may be installed directly on roofing while powering individual homes/buildings Additionally, solar panels are not generally as much of an eyesore as windmills and pipes

Why it Trumps the Alternatives



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