Sodium

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by JChildersGOC
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Chemical Elements
Grade:
9

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Sodium

Physical PropertiesSodium is a soft metal and has a low melting point. It's density is 0,97 at room temperature. This element is very reactive, when in contact with water it produces sodium hydroxide and hydrogen. Its melting point is 370.95 K, while its boiling point is 1156 K.

Interesting Facts*When at room tempature you can cut it with a butter knife.*Without sodium humans can die.*There is only one stable isotope of sodium, 23Na.

Atomic Number: 11Atomic Mass: 22.98976928Number of Protons: 11 Number of Neutrons: 12Number of Electrons: 11Period Number: 3 Group Name:Alkali MetalGroup Number: 1Room Temperature State: SolidColor:Silvery-whiteDiscoverer:Sir Humphry DavyYear of Discovery: 1807Oxidation States: +1Electronegativity: 0.93Electron Configuration:1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1

SodiumSymbol: Na

Common UsesSodium is used to create titanium, sodamide, sodium cyanide, sodium peroxide, and sodium hydride. It can also be used to make glass and soap.

SourceSodium can be found in different minerals. The most common and used one is table salt, this can be found in the oceans.

Origin of NameSodium is a combination of the English word "soda" and the Medieval Latin word for headache remedy "sodanum". However the chemical symbol for sodium, Na, is based on the Latin word for sodium carbonate, natrium.

Atomic Structure

Citations- http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele011.html-https://www.hobart.k12.in.us/ksms/PeriodicTable/sodium.htm


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