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by CatherineEvans
Last updated 4 years ago

Chemical Elements

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Physical Prperties


Sodium is the sixth most abundant element on earth. It is a very reactive element and is never found free in nature.Sodium is the most important of all the alkaline metals.

Sodium was discovered by Sir Humphrey Davy in Enlglad of 1807.


- Silvery-white metal with a waxy appearance.- Soft enough to cut with a knife.- Melting Point is 97.72 °C- Boiling Point is 882.85 °C - Density is 0.968 grams per cubic centimeter

Facts about Sodium

- Sodium is a very active element.- It combines with Oxygen at room temperature- When heated, it combines very rapidly, burning with a brilliant golden-yellow flame-Sodium reacts violently with water

Chemical Properties

1) Table salt2) Baking Soda3) Light fixtures4) Soap5) Artificial rubber

Discovery of Sodium

Sodium makes up about 2.6% of the Earth's crust

Our bodies lose sodium when we sweat a lot.

Sodium is considered non-toxic, but too much of it can cause high blood preasure.

- Sodium never occurs as a free elemeent in nature.- It is much too active.- It always accurs as part of a compound.

- Sodium has a number of important functions in plants, humans, and animals. - Sodium is involved in controling the amount of fluid present in human cells.

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