Sodium

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by DestinyTalent
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Chemical Elements
Grade:
3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10

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Sodium

Alone, it's explosive. Combined with chlorine, it's table salt.Room temperature sodium metal is soft enough that you can cut it with a butter knife.It turns out that when the water and sodium first combine, the sodium releases electrons — negatively charged particles — leaving the element in a positively charged state. All those positive charges repel each other, tearing the sodium apart and creating more surface area for an even bigger reaction: ka-boom.

Symbol

More Facts

Sodium is an essential element for animal nutrition. In humans, sodium is important for maintaining fluid balance in the cells and throughout the body. The electric potential maintained by sodium ions is critical for nerve function.The symbol for sodium is Na, which comes from the Latin natrium or Arabic natrun or a similar-sounding Egyptian word, all referring to soda or sodium carbonate.

Who dicovered Sodium?

Cool Facts

Sodium (Na)

Discoveror: Sir Humphrey DavyPlace of discovery: EnglandDate of discovery: 1807

The most common use is in the form of table salt, which is also known as sodium chloride.Sodium is also found in another important ingredient that can be found in the kitchen – such as baking soda, which is also known as the compound sodium bicarbonate. Sodium is also used in creating beautiful lighting fixtures. Lamps with sodium are often used as street lamps.

Common uses with Sodium

Sodium Hydroxide. NaOH.Sodium hydroxide is used in many scenarios where it is desirable to increase the alkalinity of a mixture, or to neutralize acids.Sodium Carbonate. Na2CO3.Sodium carbonate acts as a flux for silica, lowering the melting point of the mixture to something achievable without special materials.

List of some Sodium Compounds and the uses


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