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Social Studies
American History

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Rise of organized crime- The steep increase of organized crime was a direct impact of Prohibition.- Many organized criminals such as bootleggers, gangsters and mobsters were looked upon as heroes.-Criminals like Al Capone, Bonnie and Clyde and John Dillinger were headliners of the era.- In the 20's manypeople were unemployeed and jobs were scarce so for some, prohibition worked in their favor. They could make money as a bootlegger or join a gang. It was a big risk, but for some it was their only choice.- The amount of "criminals" also shot up during Prohibition because any innocent person who had even once sip of alcohal was automatically a criminal because they broke the 18th amendment.- Many people including most women saw alcohal as the Devil's avocate so they did the only thing they knew of, they banned it. But th more restricted something is, the more you want it and thats exactly what happened with alcohal.-The demand for alcohal increased which increased the amount of illegal bootleggers and speakeasies which increased the number "criminals". It was a domino effect.

Bathtub Gin-Bathtub gin is any kind of homemade alcohal which was usually poorly made and dangerous to consume.- Bathtub tub gin usually led to many types of diseases such as Jake leg, which is a paralysis of the lags caused by drinking contaminated liquor.-A common type of bathtub gin was wood alcohal which was also highly dangerous. It often led to blindness or even death.- Another common type of bathtub gin was moonshine which is homemade whiskey. Moonshiners would bottle their whiskey and sell it to speakeasies owners who would then sell it in the bar. Many people got sick from it but that didnt stop them.- Hense the name, it was usually made in a bathtub because the more you made,the more you could sell, and the more money you made.- As if drinking alcohol brewed in a rusty barrel wasn’t bad enough, the U.S. government actively poisoned industrial alcohol, resulting in at least 10,000 deaths.

Bootlegging- Bootlegging is the illegal sale and distribution of illegal products which in the 1920's was alcohal.- Bootlegging led the establishment of U.S organized crime. Even after the repeal of prohibition, bootlegging was still being used to smuggle illegal things into the U.S.- Bootlegging anything was highly difficult but bootlegging alcohal was especially hard because it was the most wanted not only for consumers but also for police. they were on a constant lookout for anything that could trace back to illegal alcohal.- During the 13 years that prohibition was enforced, bootleggers controlled the entire alcohal business, whether it was speakeasies, breweries, nightclubs, or retail outlets. They owned them all.- Bootlegging was a huge risk but also a huge fortune if you played your cards right. George Rumus, known as the bootlegging king made his entire 5 million dollar fortune off of bootlegging.- The easiest ways for bootleggers to get their illegal alcohal was to counterfeit perscriptions and liquor licenses or to import alcohal from other countries. -Bootlegging grew into a vast illegal empire, in part, because of widespread bribery. Many enforcement agents received monthly retainers (some up to $300,000 a month) to look the other way.

Prohibition- The 18th amendment was intended to reduce crime, curruption, and overall violence. as well as solve social problems, decrease the need for welfare and prsion. many also believed it would increase the overall heath of all americans and america as a whole.- Some negative consiquences of prohibition were, it drove the alcohal business into secrecy, encouraged disrespect and disobediance towards the law and police and increased organized crime.- Prohibition ultimately fai;ed, ratification of the 21st amendent- repeal of prohibition on dec.21,1933-The movement in favor of the ban of alcohal was born in the 19th century as prohibition. many believed that moderation in the drinking of alcohal was the best thing for the U.S currently.- Prohibition had made drinking alcohal illegal but was far from completly ending the consumption of alcohal.- Many people wanted alcohal and were willing to take any and every risk in order to get it.- The government had a change in views and saw the repeal of prohibition as a good idea becuase it would employee many people in america who were currently unemployeed due to the 18th amendment.- Americans even changed their political views in order to get prohibition repealed.- Congress was so overwhelmed by the increase in the Democratic Party supporters, that they passed the 21st amendment, the repeal of prohibition before the new legislators were even in office.- Prohibition was the only amandment to ever have been repealed.

Speakeasies- Speakeasies were a place where people could go to have a good time, listen to jazz music, and drink in peace without having to worry about gettignt into trouble.-To eneter a speakeasy, one would have to say a secret password to a doorman to be sure that they werent an undercover cop oe special agent.- For every saloon before prohibition, there were at least 6 speakeasies established in its place after the 18th amendment was paassed.-The word speakeasie came from a common bartender term to 'speak easy' or quietly to not be heard by other people outside or draw any suspicions or negative attention towards the illegal bar.- Once a secret password or handshake was given, a door was opened and one had to walk down a long hallway into the actual bar which was designed to disguise as an ordinary apartment, deli, tailor, soda shop, ect.- Once Herbert Hoover was elected to office, bars, saloons, and aclcohal was made legal once again and speakeasies became a memory of the past.

The banning of alcohal was a huge topic of the 1920s. The 18th amendment banned the production, sale, and consumption of all alcohal.Prohibition was passed as an attempt to clean up and change america into a safer place without the dangers of alcohal. but the amendmant did just the opposite. the high demand for aclohal resulted in illegal bootleggers, speakeasies, bathtub gin, and gangsters.Ultimately most people turned against prohibition and withdrew their support because they saw the distinct rise in organized crime.The 20's were the worst of times because there was a rise in crime as well as racism. the 18th amendment was a failure and did just the opposite of what it was created to do.


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