[2015] Monica Hsu (PE10): Soccer

by ritascarpino
Last updated 4 years ago

Health & Fitness

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[2015] Monica Hsu (PE10): Soccer

sprains and strains preventionParticipate in a conditioning program to build muscle strength.Do stretching exercises daily.Always wear properly fitting shoes.Nourish the muscles by eating a well-balanced diet.Warm up before any sports activity, including practice.Use or wear protective equipment appropriate for that sport.

Common injuries-sprains(overuse) -strains(overuse)-concussion(tramatic) -knee injuries(overuse)-fractures(tramatic)


REFERENCES-betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/mskpages/Bone_fractures?-http://www.healthline.com/symptom/fractures-http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/sprains-and-strains-treatment-www.emedicinehealth.com/concussion/page6_em.htm-http://www.emedicinehealth.com/knee_injury page3_em.htm

causes of the injuriessprains- occur when people fall and land on an outstretched arm, slide into base, land on the side of their foot, or twist a knee with the foot planted firmly on the groundstrains-occurs when a muscle becomes strained or pulledconcussions-a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull.knee injuries- overuse of the knee without proprer care for itfractures-happens when excessive force applied to your bone causes it to break or shatter

treatment of fracturesBroken bones heal by themselves – the aim of medical treatment is to make sure the pieces of bone are lined up correctly. The bone needs to recover fully in strength, movement and sensitivity. Some complicated fractures may need surgery or surgical traction (or both).

Treatment for concussionsDo not apply ice directly to the skin - use a washcloth as a barrier and wrap the ice in it. ...Apply ice for 20-30 minutes at a time and repeat about every two to four hours. ...Rest is important to allow the brain to heal.

Treatment for sprains/strainsRest the sprained or strained area. If necessary, use a sling for an arm injury or crutches for a leg or foot injury. Splint an injured finger or toe by taping it to an adjacent finger or toe.Ice for 20 minutes every hour. Never put ice directly against the skin or it may damage the skin. Use a thin cloth for protection.Compress by wrapping an elastic (Ace) bandage or sleeve lightly (not tightly) around the joint or limb. Specialized braces, such as for the ankle, can work better than an elastic bandage for removing the swelling.

prevention of concussionGoal posts should be padded, and balls should be properly, not overly, inflated. Some people advocate for helmets, but many are resistant fearing the unintended effects it could have on the game. When it comes to heading the ball, kids should be taught the proper techniques, and US Youth Soccer recommends not at all until age 10.

Treatment for knee injuriesMedical care should be considered if a knee injury does not resolve with routine home care, including rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Other symptoms that may suggest the need for medical care include recurrent pain and swelling.

prevention of fractures-Use well-fitting cleats and shin guards — there is some evidence that molded and multi-studded cleats are safer than screw-in cleatsprevention of knee injuries-Maintain your weight.Wear sensible shoes with a good fit.Warm up Do low-impact exercise.Swim or walk. Weight train. Don't decrease your activity.Don't suddenly change the intensity of your exercise.


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