Slave Trade

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Social Studies
American History

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Slave Trade

Slave TradeGrade 5

The average number of children born to a slave woman was 9.2--twice as many in the West Indies.

Between 25 and 30 million people were deported from their homes and sold as slaves.

The slave boat

Triangular trade connected the economies of three continents. The ships left Western Europe for Africa loaded with goods, which were then exchanged for slaves. When they arrived in Africa the captains traded their merchandise for captive slaves. Weapons and gunpowder were the most important commodities but other things that were in high demand include: textiles, pearls, rum, and other manufactured goods. The exchange could last from one week to several months. The second step was to cross the Atlantic. The third step connected America to Europe. The slave traders brought back agricultural products produced by the slaves. The most popular products were sugar, cotton, coffee, tobacco, and rice

Standards 5.1 Compare and contrast the myth of the Antebellum South to the realities of the region including the harshness of slavery, increased immigration to urban areas, and growth of railroads. (C, G, P)5.35 Describe child labor and working conditions in factories. (C, E, H)CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5.6Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

Map of the slave trade

The African Slave Trade and The Middle Passage

Building where slaves were sold.

The transatlantic slave trade was the enslavement and transportation to the colonies of the New World. It mainly occurred around the Atlantic Ocean, with the majority of the people being African. It started in the 16th century and lasted until the 19th century. Slaves were acquired to work coffee, cocoa, and cotton plantations, in gold and silver mines, in rice fields, the construction industry, timber, shipping, or in houses as servants. Contemporary historians estimate that there were between 9.4 and 12 million Africans that arrived in the New World.

Most slaves died from:- Poor nutrition - Overbeating- European disease


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