Ski Cross

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Ski Cross

Ski Cross

Skiing has been around, since pre-historic ages. The earliest found hints of existence of skis have been found on 4500 – 5000 year old rock drawings. The first primitive ski was found in Sweden, and dates back to 2500 – 4500 B.C. “Ski” comes from the Norse word, skíð, meaning ‘stick of wood.’ Pre-historic Nordic peoples and Samis used skiing to assist hunting, military maneuvers, as well as transportation.

Sondre Norheim, from Telemark, has been often been called the father of modern skiing for inventing the equipment and techniques that have led to modern skiing. At the age of 43, he won the first Norwegian national skiing competition in Christiania (now, Oslo).

Alpine skiing evolved from cross-country skiing when ski lifts were developed at mountain resorts, to tow skiers back to the top of slopes, which made it possible to repeatedly skiing down steep, long slopes that would be tiring to climb. Freestyle skiing evolved from Alpine skiing, and began in the 1930’s, when Norwegian skiers began to perform acrobatics whilst training for alpine and cross-country skiing. Freestyle Skiing in the United States began in the 1960s. Originally, the sport was a mix of alpine skiing and acrobatic, the first freestyle skiing competition was held in Attiash, New Hampshire, 1966. Eventually, from Freestyle skiing, came Ski Cross (aka Skiercross, Skier-X).

Stein Eriksen was a pioneer in Alpine skiing, and even won various medals, such as a bronze, silver, and four gold medals at various World Championships between 1950 and 1954. For his Olympic medals, he earned the Holmenkollen medal in 1952. He is also credited with inventing “aerials”, a freestyle skiing event, and serving as a ski instructor at many different ski schools in America.

Rules/General Information

Ski Cross is also known as Skier Cross/Skier X. It's considered part of Freestyle skiing, because it incorporates features usually found in freestyle.The course is built to resemble a s-shaped motor track, encompassing both naturally occurring terrain and artificial features, such as jumps and roller banks.A Ski Cross course measures 1,135m, with a vertical drop of 208m.-In a time trial (qualification round), each competitor skis down a course.Each race is limited to four starters. The top half of the finishing field then moves on to the next round in a series of quarter, semi and final rounds. During each race, the first two competitors to cross the finish line advance to the next race while the last two competitors are ranked based on qualification times. The “big final” round determines which athletes place first to fourth, while the “small final” determines those who rank from fifth to eighth place.Competitors are not allowed to pull or push each other during the KO finals. Any intentional contact to the other competitors will be penalized by disqualification or exclusion from the next race.

Events:Men's Ski CrossFebruary 21st, 2010.9:15 – 10:15 AM 12:15 – 1:30 PM*Women's Ski Cross February 23rd, 2010 10:00 – 11:30 AM1:00 – 2:15 PM** = Medal Events

A Map of Scandanavia (aka the Nordic Countries), where many Samis peoples live[d].

Timeline of Freestyle Skiing and Ski Cross

By Shermaine Chua


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