Simon Fraser

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by Tink411
Last updated 8 years ago

Social Studies
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Simon Fraser

Fraser followed the stretch explored by Alexander Mackenzie in 1793, he entered territory unknown to white man and struggled through the perilous stretch now known as the Fraser River Canyon. At the village of Musqueam at the river's mouth, Fraser realized he could not be on the Columbia. Greatly disappointed, he turned back. David Thompson, who explored the real Columbia, named Simon's river the Fraser river; Simon had all ready named the Thompson River in David's honour.

Fraser is better known for when he set out in 1808 to explore the river he thought was Columbia


Simon Fraser was born at Maple-town near Benniggton, Vermont in 1776. Fraser was the youngest son of a Loyalist officer, who was captured by revolutionares and died in prison. Fraser's mom brought Simon to Montreal, where his uncle Judge John Fraser, educated him.


Fraser and the North West Company

In 1792 Fraser joined the North West Company (NWC) as a clerk. In 1799 he was serving in the Athabaska Department and became a partner in 1801. His main achievements occured between 1805 and 1808. In 1805 Fraser was placed in charge of the company's operations beyond the Rockies, and he founded the earliest settlements in the area he named New Caledonia (Central B.C). He established Fort McLeod (Southren Alberta) in 1805, Fort St. James and Fort Fraser in 1806, and Fort George (present Prince George) in 1807

How did the Fraser and the Thompson River get there names?

What happened to Simon Fraser

Got information from:The Canadian EncyclopediaThe Letters and Journals of Simon Fraser 1806-1808

In 1815 Simon wearied of the Fur Trade and sought retirement, but was persuaded to go back to Athabaska. He was one of the NWC officers arrested by Lord Selkirk at Fort William in 1816 and charged with complicity in the Seven Oak incident. Fraser was eventually acquitted; mean-while he had retired to St. Andrews among the Scots of Glengarry country, where he spent the rest of his life uneventfully.


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