[2015] 13 allsopp (Allsopp): Silk Road

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[2015] 13 allsopp (Allsopp): Silk Road

The Silk Road

The Silk Road was a route of trade through the following nations/empiresTang and Song ChinaMongoliaIndiaMuslims in the Middle EastJapanKoreaEastern/Western Europe

Technological advancements spread relatively quickly and easily along the Silk Road. Many of the inventions that helped shape European civilization such as paper, gunpowder, and early forms of the printing press came from China to Europe via the Silk Road. Europe wasn't the only area that benifitted from the technological exchange that occured along the Silk Road as the Chinese were introduced to Hellenistic Arts which in turn impacted Chinese Arts. The Muslims of Southwestern Asia also benifitted from the technological exchange as they were the center for much of the interaction

Many political institutions helped push the Silk Road into the mainstream. Among the empires and states who developed the Silk Road were the Mongols who, because of their dominance of most of the road, were able to make trade safe, built outpost, and began the use of paper currency along the road, another key empire who helped in the Silk Road was the Tang dynasty of China who provided the Silk Road with the Silk which the road gets its name from, the Muslims of Southwest Asia helped connect the Chinese dynasties to the Europeans who were the destination for many of the products however when the relations between the Muslims and Europe soured the Muslims would stop trade passing through. Many of the cities along the road grew but the city of Chang’an grew as a direct cause of the expansion of the Silk Road and helped the Tangs of China grow to prominence.

Sources:Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "printing." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.Darian, Steven. "Silk Road." Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. Ed. Karen Christensen and David Levinson. Vol. 5. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. 207-209. World History in Context. Web. 23 Nov. 2015."Silk Road." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr. 2nd ed. Vol. 7. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 511-512. World History in Context. Web. 23 Nov. 2015."The Silk Road Bridges East and West." Science and Its Times. Ed. Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2001. World History in Context. Web. 23 Nov. 2015."Tang Dynasty." Encyclopedia of Asian History. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988. World History in Context. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.Wei, Lilly. "Silk Road." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2015. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.Bulliet, Richard, et al. The Earth and Its Peoples.Photos:Background ImageSilk Road. Digital image. Huffington Post. N.p., 14 Oct. 2014. Web. 24 Nov. 2015.MapThe Silk Road and Related Routes. Digital image. The Silk Road Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2015.

The Silk Road had many impacts throughout the world. One of the main impacts was the divide between Europe and Southwest Asia and opened Europe to exploration because they needed a path to reach the desired commodities in Eastern Asia but couldn't pass through the Middle East. This ultimatly impacted the world as the Rise of The West and the beginning of the Early Modern Period can be directly contributed to the Silk Road

Primary Source"The Thousand and One Nights." Middle Ages Reference Library. Ed. Judy Galens and Judson Knight. Vol. 4: Primary Sources. Detroit: UXL, 2001. 73-80. World History in Context. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.Link

The Silk Road went from high prominence in the Post Classical Era to being less important in the Early Modern Period as the Song dynasty was less inclined towards overland routes and instead using sea lanes, the Muslims blocked much of the passage into Europe, and the beginning of Atlantic trade all meant that the Silk Road lost much of its status as a key trade route. The roads were lightly used but for the most part the Muslims who wanted to seal Europe off made one of the greatest trade routes fall out of fashion.


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