Sierra Leone

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by SLS1108
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography

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Sierra Leone

Human-Environment InteractionsIndustriesMany industries were destroyed by the civil war and the country is working hard to rebuild those and create new ones.There are diamond, iron ore, and rutile and bauxite mining industries. The country is also involved in small scale manufacturing, petroleum refining, and commercial ship repair. The country is also trying to build its tourism industry to increase income. AgricultureThe country cultivates rice, coffee, palm kernels, palm oil, and peanuts. In addition, the country also raises sheep, cattle, pigs, poultry, and fish. About half of the population is involved in subsistence farming, only farming enough to supply for themselves and their families. The country is trying to improve the efforts of small farmers and create a cash crop business to boost the economy.

RegionFormalThere are 4 regions within the country: Northern Province, Southern Province, Eastern Province, and the Western Area. FunctionalSierra Leone is home to the third largest natural harbor in the world, Freetown Harbor, that is utilized for trade relationships. VernacularWestern Africa

MovementMovement of GoodsThe country exports rutile, coffee, cocoa, fish, and diamonds. Sierra Leone imports food, machines, equipment, fuels, lubricants, and chemicals. The civil war crushed many of the countries industries and is working to rebuild them which includes an increase in food and cash crop production. Movement of PeopleThere are airports and helioports. There are roads including a highway system, both paved and unpaved, along with waterways. People can also travel by ferry. Sierra Leone is also home to 3 seaports courtesy of the Atlantic coastline in the west. The Freetown harbor was the main departure port in Western Africa during the slave trade. Movement of IdeasIn Sierra Leone there are government and privately owned newspapers, tv and radio stations, and internet hosts. There is also a growing mobile cellular network. In addition to the forms of communication, Sierra Leone was once controlled by the British, has large Creole, due to the slave trade, and European populations, and also houses many Liberian refugees . This diversity has effected the culture, religion, art, music, food, and other aspects which are now a mixture of traditional African, Creole, and Western styles.

PlacePeopleThe total population is 5,743,725 people. There are 16 different ethnic groups: Temne, Mende, Limba, Kono, Creole, Mandingo, Loko, Fula, Sherbro, Susu, Kuranko, Kissi, Yalunka, Vai, and Kru. There are also populations of people from countries such as Lebanon, Liberia, India, Pakistan, and some European countries. English is the official language and is what is taught in school however 95% of people speak and understand Creole. About 60% of the population is Muslim, 10% Christian, and 30% practicing indigenous beliefs. ClimateSierra Leone is a tropical, hot, and humid climate. The country also has a summer rainy season which lasts from May to Decemeber. The winter dry season is from December to April. Land FeaturesThe natural physical features of the land include a coast line and natural harbors, boasting the home of the third largest natural harbor in the world, and coastal belt of mangrove swamps in the west. The east is composed of plateaus and the Loma mountains. The country also consists of wooded hill regions and is home to the drainage basin of the Moa River.

LocationAbsolute: 8˚30'N 11˚30'WRelative: South of Guinea, North of Liberia, and East of the Atlantic Ocean

Sierra Leone

Diamond mine in Sierra Leone

SubsistenceFarming

Line at the voting polls for the third election sincethe end of the civil war


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