sickle cell anemia

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by MrsCarterBio
Last updated 9 years ago

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sickle cell anemia

Sickle Cell Anemia

Mrs. C Period 7

Sickle Cell Anemia is a genetic disease causing one's hemoglobin and red blood cells to have an abnormal (sickle) shape. It effects the cardiovascular system.

What is it?

The abnormal shape of the red blood cells does not allow for proper circulation through blood vessels. The sickle cells get trapped in blood vessels and block circulation of other sickle (and healthy) cells, along with all other parts of blood (i.e. nutrients). See graphic below.

What does it do?

Symptoms Include: * Shortness of breath * Dizziness * Headaches * Coldness in the hands and feet * Paler than normal skin * Jaundice (a yellowish color of the skin or whites of the eyes) * Sudden pain (known as sickle cell crisis)

Sickle Cell is a genetic, recessive disease. This means that you have it from the time you are born and it is passed down from your parents. Both parents would have to pass down the gene for sickle cell anemia for a baby to have the disease.

Can I Catch It?

There is no cure for sickle cell anemia.

Treatments are to help the patient deal with symptoms. Some of these include: Pain medications - Tylenol, ibuprofen, or prescriptions IV fluids - to help with dehydration and circulation Oxygen therapy - delivered through a tube in the nose Blood transfusions and bone marrow transplants - to add healthy red blood cells to the blood stream *It is important to see a doctor regularly to monitor and treat symptoms*

Works Cited:"Sickle Cell Anemia" Diseases and Conditions Index. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Web. 13 February 2011.


Comments

  • KKmcmullen 8 years ago

    KKmcmullen's avatar

    scary....

  • Doni123 8 years ago

    Doni123's avatar

    Wow... that sounds bad. Hope no one here gets it! :)