Shaping the Constitution

In Glogpedia

by Lauralovescats
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
11

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Shaping the Constitution

Accomplishments & Lasting Impact

July 4, 1776 - USA declared independent from EnglandNovember 15, 1777 - Articles of Confederation were Ratified by Continental CongressAugust 1786- June 1787 - Shay's RebellionMay 25- September 17, 1787 - Continental ConventionSeptember 17, 1787 - Constitution ratified!!!!!

The Constitution is still holding strong as America's basis of government. Although it may be 226 years old, the document has not aged in its truths and its strength to rule America, with some acceptions such as abolishment of slavery and womens' voting rights.

Citations (other than in-class sources)

Cooper, Charles. "The Constitution in One Sentence: Understanding the Tenth Amendment." The Heritage Foundation. The Heritage Foundation, 10 Jan. 2011. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. .Monk, Linda R. "Federalism." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. . Sachsen, Wolfgang. "Charles De Montesqieu." Liberal International. Liberal International, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014. .

How'd we get there?

Constitution Style

Timeline

Shaping the Constitution

Natural Rights:John Locke was a political philosopher, who shaped the Constitution, especially through Thomas Jefferson, in how he stated inalienable rights; this includes "rights to life, liberty, and prosperity (later changed by Jefferson to 'pursuit of happiness')." His beliefs are reflected in Article 4, where people are ensured the right to have secure property and to not harm another person's property. In Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" he writes about separation of power, but also states his beliefs on how it's the government's sole purpose to protect these natural rights for our country. The Virginia Declaration of Rights, which also was the first paragraph of the Declaration of Independence, helped secure the civil rights of man.

John Locke

Thomas Paine

Federalism:Under the Articles of Confederation, there was a small amount of government power, which could be seen through how the government could not tax to raise money and how it could not raise an army. In contrast to how the Articles were, the Constitution aims for shared power between both state and national government. The 10th Amendment shows limited powers so neither state government nor national government become too powerful. Federal laws over-ride state laws through which is known as the Supremacy Clause.

Limited Government:This is seen through Checks and Balances and distribution of power, which is given power by the people.

Checks & Balances:Checks and Balances ensure that no branch of government (Judicial, Executive, or Legislative) becomes too powerful and so no unjust laws are made. Charles de Montesquieu, one of the most influential representatives in France, believed in the use of checks and balances and directly influenced the Constitution with it. An example can be seen through Article 3 of the Constitution where it states the role of the Judicial Branch and how far it can go.

Separation of Powers:Montesquieu also believed in this concept, which could be represented through the different branches. He thought that in order to secure liberty through the best means and to prevent a government from becoming corrupt, there must be individual sections, which check each other. The Magna Carta was the basis for how the judiciary court was set up in the Constitution and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was the basis for forming the Judiciary Branch.

Representative Democracy:Representative Democracy is neccessary for the existance of Congress. Rather than true democracy, where the true population vote is represented, representative democracy uses state representatives to represent state opinion and vote. For presidential elections, electoral college is used where states cast a certain amount of votes , depending on their population.

Charles de Montesquieu

Magna Carta

Articles of Confederation


Comments

  • hollyoberlin 5 years ago

    hollyoberlin's avatar

    I love this Glog! I was curious what layout you used? I am making my first glog and would like something that has the kind of room for text that this one does. It's for a class project.