Serbia

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by chelseaweis
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography

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Serbia

Serbia

Today...Serbia has established diplomatic relations with the UN, Malta, the EU, and the Holy See.Much of Serbia’s foreign policy is directed toward becoming a member of the EU, as they say, a strategic option, however, when Kosovo split off, they pulled all embassies from countries that recognize Kosovo in protest.

1980-1995 The federation weakened after the death of Tito in 1980. Croatia and Slovenia declared independence in 1991 but Croatia’s independence was resisted by Serbs who lived in Croatia that wanted to be united with Serbia. Serbia supported the Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina in their war that they were fighting against the Muslims and Croats. In 1995, Dayton Peace Accord formally ended the war.

1999Other Balkan Slavs had been subjugated to both the Turkish and Austro-Hungarian powers and Serbia was determined to overthrow these powers. In March 1999, NATO began air strikes on targets throughout Yugoslavia, especially Belgrade and Kosovo. At the same time, Serb forces destroyed Albanian property and also used torture, rape, and mass executions to “cleanse” the province of Albanians. Nearly a million refugees fled to Albania, Macedonia and other states.

Today..Today, after the disintegration of the second Yugoslavia, they became a Parliamentary Republic, with Executive, Judicial, and Legislative branches. Their elected leader is called The President of the State, and has many of the duties of the US president. In fact, the way they elect presidents is almost nearly the same, except for the fact that the president serves a five-year term. They are a relatively mountainous, small, and landlocked nation (after Montenegro split off).

Today...Serbia has been in a Demographic crisis throughout the nineties, they have one of the lowest fertility rates in the world (1.44 children per mother) and have one of the ten oldest populations in the world (avg. 42.4 years) with a death rate continuously exceeding birthrate. Serbs make up a majority of the population (of course, 83.4%) with Hungarians running a nowhere-near-close second (3.5%), then Roma (2%) and Bosniaks(2%), Croats (0.8%), Slovaks (0.7%), and approx. 7.5% unknown.

Today...The Serbian military is subordinate to their ministry of defence, and consists of an Army and an Air Force (As a landlocked country they have nearly no need for a Navy, however, they operate a small flotilla on their major rivers.) They have a standing army of 28,000 and a reserve of around 190,000 (20,000 active, 170,000 passive.) Military and Defence arms is a booming business in Serbia, with 250 million being made in 2011, and continues to grow annually.Serbia participates in NATO’s Partnership for Peace Program, however it has no intention of joining NATO, due to massive popular dislike and the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999.

1992-1998In 1992, the only republics left in the federation- Serbia and Montenegro, declared themselves the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Kosovo and Vojvodina were also part of Yugoslavia. When Yugoslavia dissolved these provinces became a part of Serbia. Kosovo was mostly populated by ethnic Albanians who practiced Islam, unlike the rest of Serbia. This caused tension between the Serbs and the ethnic Albanians and the tensions rose and led to fighting and by September of 1998 the Serbs had forced several thousand ethnic Albanians to flee Kosovo.

2006-2008Serbia and Montenegro agreed to loosen their ties between the two states and after 3 years hold a referendum on continued association. The Union of Serbia and Montenegro (all that remained of the former Yugoslavia) dissolved completely when a slim majority of Montenegrins voted for independence in May 2006. After UN-sponsored talks aimed at negotiating limited independence for Kosovo failed, the region declared independence from Serbia in February 2008.

Today...They have a secular government (again, much like ours) with guaranteed freedom of religion.The religious groups in Serbia are the Orthodox Christians (84%), Roman Catholics (5%), and Muslims (3%) The remainder, (11%) are of other faiths (1% agnostic/atheist population). There are only 578 Jews by faith in Serbia, mostly due to Nazi intervention in WWII and mass emigration. (their population peaked at 33,000 pre-WWII.)


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