Section 4

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by CSpurling
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Section 4

USS Constitution

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Early BattlesIn the summer of 1812, the United States found it self in war with Great Britain. Despite claims by the War Hawks this would not be a quick and easy war. When the war began the British had hundreds of ships. The United States had fewer than 20 ships. None of them were as powerful as the British warships. The British navy was spread out all over the globe. Also the United States had experienced sailors. They also had powerful new warships such as the USS Constitution. American ships defeated British ships several times in one on one duels.

At the Hardford Convention, Federalists agreed to oppose the war and send delegates to meet with Congress. There was slow comunications at the time. The federalist did not know that a treaty had been signed. The treaty ended the War of 1812. The treaty was called the Treaty of Ghent. Even though both nations gave back what ever territory it conquered there were still several consequences. It increased patriotism. Also because of a lack of goods caused be the interuption in trade, American manufacturing boosted. Finally, it broke up many Native American groups.

Effects of the war

Section 4

USS Constitution

The Creek War

The British had attacked Washington, DC. They set fire to the White House. They then sailed on to Baltimore, Maryland. There was a fort guarding It though. The British attacked for 25 hours. The Americans refused to give up. The British retreated. The British then hope to take over New Orleans. They wanted control of the Mississippi River. Andrew Jackson commanded the United State's forces around New Orleans. He had two battalions of free African Americans. He also had a group of Choctaw Indians. He had state millitia. Some pirates, lead by Jean Lafitte, also joined the army. The battle started on January 8, 1815. Some 5,300 British soldiers attacked Jackson's force of 4,500. The British began marching toward the United States defenses, but they were caught on an open field. They were cut down at an alarming speed. More than 2,000 British soldiers were killed or wounded. The Americans suffered only about 70 casualties. The Battle of New Orleans made Andrew Jackson a hero. It was also the last major conflict of the War of 1812.

The Great Britain on the Offensive


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