Second Industrial Revolution

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Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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Second Industrial Revolution

By 1870, a number of inventions, such as the screw propeller, the compound engine, and the triple-expansion engine made trans-oceanic shipping on a large scale economically viable. In 1870, the White Star Line’s RMS Oceanic set a new standard for ocean travel by having its first-class cabins amidships, with the added amenities, electricity and running water. The size of ocean liners increased from 1880 to meet the needs of immigration to the United States and Australia.


Thomas Alva Edison’s electric light bulb stopped people from being dependent on oil lamps and candles, by bringing light into their homes and keeping them warm. After this he built the first public power station in Manhattan's financial district, which was one of the first steps to innovate the world with the power of electricity.





Elias Howe was the inventor of the first American-patented sewing machine. His lockstitch mechanism outstitched the output of five hand sewers with a reputation for speed, basically it increased the efficiency of producing clothes. The inventor of the American typewriter was Christopher Latham Sholes, the mechanism functioned as a quick and easy way to place information on a sheet of paper and display to others without them being unable to read sloppy handwriting.

The refinement of the Bessemer process, was first used in the United States in the 1860s, it allowed for the major advance in skyscraper construction. As steel is stronger and lighter in weight than iron, the use of a steel frame made possible the construction of truly tall buildings. William Le Baron Jenney’s 10-story Home Insurance Company Building (1884–85) in Chicago was the first to use steel-girder construction.








It consisted of two railroad companies: Central Pacific and Union Pacific Central Pacific before their rails met the Union Pacific's at Promontory Summit. Central Pacific Railroad began laying track east from Sacramento in 1863.The transcontinental railroad was fully built on May 10, 1869.It provided many jobs to the immigrants, mainly Chinese

Transcontinental Railroad

Light Bulb

Refrigerator Car


In 1901, banker John Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) purchased Carnegie Steel for some $480 million, making Andrew Carnegie one of the world’s richest men. The stelel company showed dominance on the heavy industry focused on capital goods. The U.S was producing 1/3 of the world's steel.

On March 10, 1876, Alexander Graham Bell spoke into his device and said to his assistant, “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.” In doing so, Bell launched the telephone era with the first bi-directional electronic transmission of the spoken word.

Sewing Machine and Typewriter

J.B. Sutherland patented a refrigerated railroad car that allowed the cattle dealer Gustavus Swift to sell his beef internationally--forever changing the distribution of food.


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