Seasonal Affective Disorder

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by 14greste
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
11

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Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

SAD is a mood disorder described as when people, who have normal mental health for most of the year, have depressive symptoms in the winter or summer.

People who suffer from Seasonal Affective Disorder most commonly experience symptoms such as having trouble concentrating, the desire to oversleep/overeat, withdrawl from close relationships, anxiety, hopelessness, and lack of energy. All of which contribute to creating a feeling of depression.

DSM Seasonal Affective Disorder criteria: depressive episodes at a particular time of the year; remissions or mania/hypomania at a characteristic time of year; these patterns must have lasted two years with no nonseasonal major depressive episodes during that same period; and these seasonal depressive episodes outnumber other depressive episodes throughout the patient's lifetime.

The origin of SAD has not been pinpointed, but many people think that it is an evolved form of hibernation that is significant in some humans.

Treating Season Affective Disorder:Since the triggers of SAD are mostly cold and light deficiancy (in winter SAD), so warmth and light really can decrease the intesity of the disorder's symptoms. Many people suffering from SAD use a lightbox that just emminates light and warmth this helps tremendously. Another, more expensive route, is to take a vacation somehwere warm and sunny in the middle of winter.


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