[2014] jasmine la: Scoliosis

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[2014] jasmine la: Scoliosis


Scoliosis has 4 types: -Congenital-Neuromuscular -Degenerative-Idiopathic(most common type)

Categorized into 3 different age groups: -Infantile(birth to age 3)-Juvenile(ages 3-9)-Adolescent(ages 10-18)


The term ‘Scoliosis’ originated from Greek meaning ‘bending’ or ‘curvature’.

Girls Scoliosis Support GroupMore informaion about TreatmentsMore information about causes

CAUSESCongenital Scoliosis develops in utero during infancy;it is a very rare condition affecting 1 out of 10,000. Neuromuscular Scoliosis usually occurs in people with already existing neuromuscular conditions.Degenerative scoliosis, also called adult scoliosis, caused by degeneration of the facet joints. Lastly, the most common type of Scoliosis, is Idiopathic Scoliosis which has no specific identifiable cause. ‘Idiopathic’ actually means ‘no known cause’. According to the SRS,”Idiopathic scoliosis frequently runs in families and there is a growing body of evidence that genetics plays a major role.”

Scoliosis is a condition in which ones spine (back) is curved in a ‘S’ or ‘?’ shape instead of straight. This condition impacts your chest, thoracic, and lumbar.

BRACING:Bracing is one of the treatments many Scoliosis patients use, and is also the most common. If the curve is progressive, and a child is still growing, the surgeon may want to place them in a brace. This also depends on the flexibility of the curve, which can be determined by the bending X-rays. If the curve is rigid and does not correct on the bending X-rays, a brace won’t do much. Rarely does a brace ever permanently correct scoliosis. Instead of using the brace to try to correct the condition, the purpose of bracing is to allow the child to grow before any surgery is done.

SURGERY:If the case of Scoliosis is bad, then it may result in surgery. A surgical operation is sometimes necessary to correct the spinal deformity in the young child. If the child's curve has shown progression in presence of bracing or casting, surgery should be in consideration. The dilemma faced by the surgeons is how to stop the progression of a curve without affecting future growth of the child. Sometimes this is unavoidable, which results in a procedure called spinal fusion.

Prevention:Most cases of Scoliosis can NOT be prevented. There is no evidence that activities such as exercise or posture improvement can help. Measures to increase bone mass and strengthen bones, including getting enough calcium and vitamin D, and doing regular weight-bearing exercise, may help to prevent cases caused by spinal fractures. In some cases, early detection may prevent the condition from getting worse.

The risk of the spinal curve progression increases during puberty because that is when the growth rate of the body is the fastest. Scoliosis with a significant curvature of the spine is much more commonly present in girls than in boys. Also, girls are eight times more likely to need treatment for scoliosis because the curves of the spine tend to progress more. But sometimes, if the condition is mild, a person with Scoliosis can go unnoticed.

Diagnosis:Most cases of Scoliosis are discovered through the "Adam's Foward Bend Test". To determine if one has Scoliosis, their back would not be completely straight. Other signs may include uneven shoulders, stiffness, and lower back pain.


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