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by SageCoffman
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*Schizophrenia is chronic recurring psychotic illness, begins in young adults, last lifetime.          Statistics*Affect 1.1% of population or approximately 2.6 million adults in the USA, and 40% are not treated.*Affects men and women about equally, but men often have earlier onset *Rates are simiar around the world *People with schizophrenia are more likely to die at a younger age. (2018) Schizophrenia Fact Sheet. Virgina. Treatment Advocation Center. Retrieved from

What is Schizophrenia? by Sage Coffman

Causes of Schizophrenia Scientist can't say the exact cause of schizophenia, but believe risk factors for schizophrenia are Genetics (the more closely one is related to a person with schizophrenia the greater the risk of developing schizophrenia).  Other causes Environmental...exposure to marijuana, radiation, maternal viral illness especially during the second semester, winter birth, toxemia, hypoxia at birth.Tamminga, C. (2000). The Biology of Schizophrenia. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. Maryland; NBCI PCM.Retrieved from

Treatment of SchizophreniaAccording to the American Psychiatric Association (APA) evidence based clinical guidelines are to treat patients with schizophrenia with Antipsychotic medications, cognitive behavioral therapy and supportive employment.Early therories of mental disorders were thought to be caused by evil possession and people with schizophrenia were treated by exorcising demons or drilling holes in peoples heads to release evil spirits.     The first medication to be used to treat schizophrenia in US was Thorazine approved in 1954 before that the focus was on psychoanalysis and behavioral therapy. Thorazine was first antipsychotic and changed lives for the better, people were able to function...unfortunately people who used antipsycholics longterm develped side effects such as abnormal movements.(2019). Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Schzophrenia. American Psychiatric Association. Retrieved from

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Symptoms of Schizoprhenia When the disease is active people with schizophrenia are unable to distinguish between real and unreal experiences.Positive Psychotic Symptoms: Hallucinations, hearing voices, paranoid delusions and exaggerated or distorted perceptions, beliefs and behaviors. Negative Symptoms: A loss or decrease in the ability to initiate plans, speak, express emotions or find pleasure. Primary negative symptoms: Alogia, Anhedonia, Asociality. Disorganization symptoms: Confused and disordered thinking and speech trouble with logical thinking and sometimes bizarre behaviors or abnormal movements.Impaired Cognition: Problems with attention, concentration or memory and declining educational performance.5 Categories of SchizophreniaDisorganized Catatonic ParanoidResidualUndifferentiatedRetrieved from

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