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by shelbymillington
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Biological Approach: Focus on the brain, and how it interacts biologically with the outside world. They believe that genes, hormones, neurotransmitters, neurochemistry and the immune system influence your thoughts and behaviors. the person’s genes, hormone change, neurochemistry and immune system played part in the patient developing schizophrenia. Before the patient was born her/his parents were probably sick often, and in early childhood the patient experienced a lot of sickness (meaning they have a low immune system). Then the person likely had a first-relative that had schizophrenia which heightened the person’s chance to get the disease to begin with. Then on the onset of puberty, the disease started to show. This in turn showed a change in the patient’s neurochemistry.

Causes: Genes, environment, and different brain chemistry/ structure may cause Schizophrenia. The risk is highest for identical twins and second highest for people that have a first degree relative with the disease.Other causes are when a key gene malfunctions, or environmental factos like malnutrition and a low immune system.

Symptoms: Known symptoms are hearing voices that others do not hear, hallucinations, dellusions, the belief that someone is reading their mind, controlling their thoughts or plotting to harm them, being withdrawn from people, or agitated, not making sense and going hours without talking or moving.


Cognitive Approach:Cognitive psychologists focus on how people process information from the outside world and internalize it to fit their own needs. With this information they create schemas to make sense of the information. Ex) The patient had a rough childhood, having parents that didn’t pay much attention or the patient was possibly abused. The patient was then forced to find a friend in herself, and acted out about the problems she went through. Acting like a crazed person would make the patient not have to be reliable or responsible, and would give them an “out” of his/her normal life.

Article Summary:The ones that suffer from schizophrenia are hardly the only ones confounded by its symptoms. Despite the years of research, scientists have barely been able to explain how the disorder develops, in who and why. Despite this, recent studies have done away with all the older theories. It suggests that schizophrenia is not a single problem with a uniform solution. Rather, the disease is most likely composed of many mental disorders, with an underlying biology and symptoms that can vary from one patient to another. This shift in thinking has opened a more varied field of treatment options and is likely to guide research in the future. An analysis of blood done off a study in March revealed that rare and previously undetectable genetic mutations were strongly related to the development of the disease. This genetic complexity can help explain why all schizophrenic people are widely diverse in behavior. Medication for schizophrenics rarely work for the withdrawal or listlessness, and most patients stop taking the medication within a year and half because it either did not work, or had intolerable side effects. Most researches regard the “dopamine hypothesis” as simplistic at best, due to the medication reactions. This brings a rise to treatments that do not require medication. In a growing number of treatment programs, especially in Europe, psychiatrists have been providing for patients that have their “first” psychotic break. They are doing this by providing intensive family based, or individual based therapies, using medication only when deemed necessary. Studies have shown that a third to a half of patients can manage for years without medication, though the reasoning is not known. The new openness to the reasoning of schizophrenia is the reason why all of these new theories and treatments have came about.

A disabling, chronic and severe disorder that has affected people throughout history.


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