Schizophrenia

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by mistypep
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Schizophrenia

Positive sypmtoms -are pathological excesses or bizarre additions to a person’s behavior.  Delusions-Ideas they believe wholeheartedly but have no basis in facts Disorganized thinking and speech-May not be able to think logically or speech in peculiar ways Heighten perception and hallucinations-Feeling of being flooded by sights and sounds that surround them. Hallucinations –The experiencing of imagined sights, sounds or other perceptions in the absence of external stimuli  Inappropriate affect-Display of emotions that is unsuitable to the situation Negative symptoms- Are those that seem to be “pathological deficits”, characteristics that are lacking in individual Poverty of speech-Lack of meaning or little to no words Blunted and flat affect-less emotion or no emotions  Loss of volition-loss of apathy feeling drain from energy and of interest in normal goals and unable to start or follow through on a course of action.  Social withdrawn- ideas are illogical and confused, this leads to them to a breakdown of social skills.Psychomotor symptoms -Are sometimes awakened movements or repeated grimaces and odd gestures Catatonia-A pattern of extreme psychomotor symptoms found in some form of schizophrenia, which may include catatonic stupor (totally unresponsive).

Symptoms

SCHIZOPHRENIAA psychotic disorder in which personal, social, and occupational functioning deteriorate as a result of strange perceptions, disturbed thought process, unusual emotions, and motor abnormalities.

Diagnosing schizophrenia DSM-5 CHECKLIST1. During a one month period, at least two of the fallowing symptoms are persent for a significant portion of time.(a) Delusions(b) Hallucinations(c) Disoganized speech(d) Grossly abnormal pychomotor behavior, inclucing catatonia(e) Negative symptoms2. Functioning in school, work, interpersonal relations, or self-care is markedly below the level achieved prior to the onset3. Continuous sign of disturbance for at least six months, at least one month of which includes symptoms in full and active forms.

Onset of Schizophrenia Cases to cases varies Many go through three stages, prodromal, active and residual.Prodromal-symptoms are not yet apparent, but the individual are beginning to deteriorate.Active phase- symptoms become apparent, most of the time caused by stressed or trauma in a person’s life. Residual phase- return to prodromal-like level functioning. Relapses are apparently more likely in times of stress.

Treatments-Insitutions-Therapy-Antipsychotic Drug

ReferencesComer, Ronald J. Abnormal Psychology, 8th Edition. 2014. Worth Publisher New York, NY.Schizophrenia, DSM-5. Retrieved from:http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Schizophrenia%20Fact%20Sheet.pdfMagnetic Resonance Imaging in Studying Schizophrenia, Negative Symptoms, and the Glutamate System. Retrieved from:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24765078


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