Schizophrenia

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by ououo124
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
11

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder often characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to recognize what is real. Symptoms include hallucinations, reduced emotional expression and social engagement, unclear or confused thinking, false beliefs and inactivity. .

Positive Symptoms: a psychotic behavior not commonly seen in healthy people, they often show a “loss of touch” in their reality.

Negative Symptoms: associated with disruption of normal emotions. Could be hard to recognize since they could be mistaken for depression. Could even affect ones hygiene making them lazy or unwilling to help themselves.

Symptoms

Movement Disorders: May appear as agitated body movements, sometimes repeating certain movements. in extreme cases one could experience catatonia, person does not move and does not respond to others, although it is rare today but still appears.

Delusions: False beliefs that are not apart of one’s culture and doesn’t change. Their delusions are so believable in their eye although they’re neither true or logical. For example their delusions can cause them to believe that they are someone else or televisions and radios are broadcasting something that they’re actually not showing.

Thought Disorders: Unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking. A person may have trouble organizing his or her thoughts or even connecting them logically. They could speak in ways that could not be understood, a person with thought disorder might make up meaningless words or “neologisms”.

Cognitive Symptoms: may be difficult to recognize. trouble focusing and paying attention are some of the symptoms. Making it hard to lead a normal life and earn a living.

In the 1990’s, new medications were created. One of the medications [Clozapine (Clozaril)] is an effective medication that treats psychotic symptoms, hallucinations and breaks with reality. But clozapine can sometimes cause a serious problem called agranulocytosis, which is a loss of the white blood cells that help a person fight infection.

There is no cure for schizophrenia, but it can be treated and managed in several ways.Antipsychotic medications,Psychotherapy (such as cognitive behavioral therapy and assertive community treatment and supportive therapy),Self-management strategies and education

People who take clozapine must get their white blood cell counts checked every week or two. This problem and the cost of blood tests make treatment with clozapine difficult for many people. But clozapine is potentially helpful for people who do not respond to other antipsychotic medications.

Other atypical antipsychotics (None cause agranulocytosis): -Risperidone (Risperdal) -Olanzapine (Zyprexa) -Quetiapine (Seroquel) -Ziprasidone (Geodon) -Aripiprazole (Abilify) -Paliperidone (Invega)

It is possible to live well with schizophrenia

-Schizophrenia can occur at any age-the average age of onset: *Late teens ~ early twenties (men)*Late twenties ~ early thirties (women)-It is uncommon for schizophrenia to be diagnosed in a person younger than 12 or older than 40.

Resources:(www2.nami.org, February 6, 2015, Schizophrenia, National Alliance on Mental Illness)(nimh.nih.gov, February 7, 2015, Schizophrenia, National Institute of Mental Health)(www.mayoclinic.org, February 4, 2015, Diseases and Conditions: Schizophrenia - Basics, Mayo Clinic)


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