Savanna Biome

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by jazzzz19
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Ecosystems

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Savanna Biome

Savanna

Savannas have warm temperatures year round, and they also have a climate of wet and dry seasons. During winter, it's a dry season, and during summer, it's a wet season. Savannas get all their rain in the summer months. During the distinct dry season of a savanna, most of the plants shrivel up and die. Some rivers and streams dry up. Most of the animals migrate to find food. In the wet season all of the plants are lush and the rivers flow freely. The animals migrate back to graze. The savanna climate has a temperature range of 68 degrees to 86 degrees fahrenheit. In the winter the temperature varies from 69 degrees to 78 degrees fahrenheit, and in the summer, the climate varies from 78 degrees to 86 degrees fahrenheit. There is an annual precipitation of 10 to 30 inches (100 to 150 cm) of rain, but around December through February the savanna hardly receieve any rain fall at all.

For trees, most savanna adaptions are to drought. The Baobob tree has long tap roots to reach the deep water table, thick bark for resistance to annual fires, and the trunk is useed as a water-storage for the dry season. The Candelabra tree has a spiky outside and poisonous sap which can blind you and give you burns to protect it against any predators. The Kangaroo Paw has tiny woolly hairs which hold onto water droplets; it also has adapted by having woolly hairs which makes it taste bad for any predators that might want to eat it, and it has adapted to dry conditions so it requires less water than most other plants and it can also tolerate high temperatures.

Animals:elephants, meerkats, giraffes, lions, hyenas, zebras, rhinos, leopards, cheetahs, jackals, buffalos and wild dogs are some of the animals in the savanna biome. A few examples of animals adapting to their environment would be a lion, hyena, giraffe, and elephant. A lion adapts by their fur color because it camoflauges them from their prey. Hyenas adapt by staying in packs to keep safe from predators and to catch prey. Giraffes adapt by growing long necks over time to eat from tall trees and plants. Elephants adapt by having big ears to communicate with one another in their herd; they are also able to eat from tall trees like giraffes.

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All savanna grassland biomes are found within thirty degrees of the equator and are often located between tropical rain forests and deserts. There are savanna's located in Africa, South America, India, and Australia. For example, Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela have savannas in South America.


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