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chronic disease of the airways that makes breathing difficult. With asthma, there is inflammation of the air passages that results in a temporary narrowing of the airways that carry oxygen to the lungs.-The disease that affects more than 25 million Americans and causes nearly 2 million emergency room visits ever year

Immune System Disorders



-can be defined as an aggravated immune response to a normally harmless substance-allergy symptoms are often of mild consequence, medical intervention is advised to diagnose the underlying problem.

•Addison's disease•Celiac disease - sprue (gluten-sensitive enteropathy)•Dermatomyositis•Graves disease•Hashimoto's thyroiditis•Multiple sclerosis•Myasthenia gravis•Pernicious anemia•Reactive arthritis•Rheumatoid arthritis•Sjogren syndrome•Systemic lupus erythematosus•Type I diabetes

Autoimmune diseases

-Immune deficiency conditions;a state in which the immune system' s ability to fight infectious disease is compromised or entirely absent. -AIDS; Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a disease in which there is a severe loss of the body's cellular immunity, greatly lowering the resistance to infection and malignancy-SCID; Severe Combined Immune Deficiency, a rare genetic disorder in which affected children have no resistance to disease and must be kept isolated from infection from birth

are the effects of the body's own immune defense system mistaking cardiac antigens as foreign and attacking them leading to inflammation of the heart as a whole, or in parts. The commonest form of autoimmune heart disease is rheumatic heart disease or rheumatic fever.

Autoimmune Heart Disease

-a long-term disease that leads to inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues.-can also affect other organs.-The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. Research continues, though, and a number of factors have been singled out, including a person's genes, hormones, and substances in the environment such as bacteria or a virus. It is very likely that RA develops through a combination of factors, and researchers are working to better understand these factors and how they interact.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

under-active immune system

a name given to a collection of autoimmune diseases, in which the human immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissues.[1] Symptoms of these diseases can affect many different body systems, including joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart, and lungs.

Lupus erythematosus


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