[2015] Levante' Binion (6th Period/Queener): Salvador Brazil

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by CherylQ
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Social Studies

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[2015] Levante' Binion (6th Period/Queener): Salvador Brazil

The temperature in Salvador is usually from 72°F to 88°F. Salvador has a tropical rainforest climate with no dry season. Salvador is the capital of Bahia. Less than one-fifth of El Salvador’s soils are suitable for agriculture. The central plain and interior valleys have mostly volcanic soils that are relatively fertile but that are also vulnerable to erosion. The southern coast has level, fertile alluvial soils, deposited by the numerous small rivers draining from the central highlands. Combined with high year-round temperatures and abundant rainfall, they provide favorable conditions for plant growth and agriculture.The higher mountain regions have temperate grasslands and the remnants of deciduous oak and pine forests. On the central plain and in the valleys, small trees, bushes, and subtropical grasslands are found. The coastal plain and the lower slopes of the southern mountains are covered with either savanna or deciduous forests. Because of the amount of land under cultivation, El Salvador is considerably less rich in animal life than most Central American countries. Rodents, reptiles, and insects of many kinds are common. There is a wide variety of birdlife, which includes wild duck, the white and the royal heron etc.

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. Afro-Brazilians also speak Portuguese. They learned it to communicate with European Brazilians and with other Afro-Brazilians. Some words, such as samba, have their roots in African languages. In Afro-Brazilian religion, the original African names of deities, ceremonies, and dances are still used. In the state of Bahia, Afro-Brazilian festivals are celebrated. On February 2, people in the city of Salvador celebrate the Condomble goddess of the sea, Iemanja. Gifts and offerings are made to Iemanja and are floated out to sea in small, handmade sailboats. These offerings are usually sent by fishermen's wives in the hope that the goddess will protect the fishermen and ensure calm waters. Condomble rhythmic music accompanies the ceremonies.An annual Afro-Brazilian festival to celebrate the liberation of slaves is held in the city of Cachoeira in the center of the country. Dancing, music, and prayer remind Afro-Brazilians of their slave ancestors.

Salvador Brazil


Culture & Heritage

Tourist Attracions

The cathedral is one of the most tourist attracting sights in Salvador. “On the Terreiro de Jesus, adjoining Praça da Sé, is the cathedral, originally the church of the former Jesuit College, which was built between 1604 and 1656. The façade was faced with stone brought as ballast from Portugal, and the interior was decorated in Baroque style in the 18th century. The side chapels off the nave are especially interesting for the variety of art in the altarpieces, which date from the late 16th century through the mid-18th century. The sacristy is richly furnished and decorated in the Baroque style, with 17th-century azulejos (Portuguese pictorial tiles) and painted ceiling panels. At one time, the Jesuit seminary was the largest of its kind outside Rome, and it's interesting to tour for its cloisters and quarters. Also on the Terreiro de Jesus are the 1709 church of São Pedro dos Clérigos and São Domingos de Gusmão, a 1731 Dominican church with a Rococo façade.”

The closest beach of any note is Farol de Barra, which is a popular weekend hangout for many of the city's inhabitants. But the smart tourists head further north to the picture book tropical beaches of Itapoã, Stella Maris and Flamengo. All three are sandy beaches with palm trees, lapped by a turquoise sea that can be rough at times. Stella Maris and Flamengo are popular with surfers. Flamengo is backed by a beautiful lagoon that is great for fishing and relaxing sunsets. All beaches have beach 'shack' style restaurants serving freshly caught fish and cold drinks.

Interesting Facts

-Salvador is the third largest city in Brazil. -The elevator Lacerta is the first urban elevator in the world and was higher when built, on December 8, 1873. -More than half of their population is black.


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