Sal Castro

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Sal Castro

Lizzette Barrios-Gracian (Olivares)Summer 2014 EDSC 541-70 11440 Culture and Education of Latino Studies (Sec. 70)

Sal CastroEducator and Activist

Introductory Video of the Chicano Blow Outs/Walk Outs

Time LineBorn Oct. 25, 19331961 - Graduates Cal State L.A. as a business major and obtains teaching credential 1963 - Founder of the Chicano Youth Leadership Conference 1968 - Organizes L.A. Student Walkout 2006 - "Walkout" HBO movie about Sal's life come out 2009 - Belmont Middle School is renamed Salvador B. Castro Middle School Died April 15, 2013

Sal Castro has set the bar for me as an educator. He not only taught his students history; he taught them how to analyze their world, reflect on their present conditions, and take action to better their future. As a Mexican American, Sal Castro,lived the discrimination and poor educational standards that California's school districts offered Chicanos and other minorities before the Civil Rights Movement. However, he managed to graduate high school in 1952. After serving in the Korean War, he obtained a bachelors degree in business and a teaching credential from Cal State L.A. in 1961. It is at this point that Castro will be tested and tried and become a part of history.

Sal's Humble Beginnings

While Latinos are familiar with the Civil Rights Movement through the struggle of Martin Luther King Jr. and the African-American community, they are rarely aware of the Chicano movement. Becoming aware of the battles fought and the price so many young Chicanos paid, for later generations to have a better education, is eye-opening. The courage of all involved is inspiring and allows for our students to feel they have a strong foundation built throughout history. In other words, Chicanos have a history in the United States. Sal Castro is relevant because he led the way to end what Moreno (1999) identifies as the strategies to deal with the "Mexican Problem". Moreno states, "The first was the segregation of Mexicans into 'Mexican Schools'...The second strategy was the use of scientifically flawed intelligence testing...The third strategy involved the development of a differentiated curriculum for Mexican children legitimized by their mismeasured intelligence" (p.xv).He changed educators' views about Chicanos by forcing them to see that the community had the capability of being much more than blue collar workers. Latinos today are enrolled in A-G courses because of the risks he took to demand a change in educational policy.

Why Sal's Story Matters

Teacher's ResourcesText:Blowout! Sal Castro & the Chicano Struggle for Educational JusticeVideos:Sal Castro and the 1968 East L.A. Walkouts (YouTube)"Walkout" HBO Movie

Contributions Approach: Students will be introduced to the subject as part of the Civil Rights Movement lesson.The Additive Approach: Students will watch the documentary and read Blowout! Sal Castro & the Chicano Struggle for Educational Justice.The Transformational Approach: Students will be expected to compare and contrast the Chicano Movement to that of the African-American Civil Rights Movement.The Social Action Approach: Students will be asked to analyze their education and come up with a list of improvements, needs, or challenges they think should be addressed. Next, they will be asked to explain the necessary steps they deem necessary to make the changes happen.

Works Cited:Guzman-Lopez, A.(2013, April 15).Iconic LA teacher Sal Castro, who led East LA walkouts in the 1960s, dies. Pass/Fail: So Cal education, LAUSD, the Cal States and the UCs. Retrieved from, G. (2010).Teaching Is a Fight • An Interview with Sal Castro. Rethinking Schools, 25 (2). Retrieved from, A. (2013, April 18).Sal Castro and the 1968 East L.A. Walkouts. Retrieved from, T.(2013, April 15). Sal Castro, teacher who led '68 Chicano student walkouts, dies at 79. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from castro-teacher-who-led-68-chicano student-walkouts-dies-at-79-20130415


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