[2015] Aaliyah Clark (5th hour WG): Russia

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by Lebanon9
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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[2015] Aaliyah Clark (5th hour WG): Russia

Historical Facts1914 - Russian-Austrian rivalry in Balkans contributes to outbreak of World War I, in which Russia fought alongside Britain and France.1917 March - Poor performance in the war and mismanagement of the economy at home prompt mutinies in the armed forces and street disturbances in major cities.Liberal leaders force Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate; series of Provisional Governments seek to continue war against Germany despite disintegrating military and unrest at home.November - Bolsheviks overthrow provisional government, suppress elected Constituent Assembly, establish ruthless 'Dictatorship of the Proletariat' under Communist Party rule that crushes religious and political dissent.

.The official name for Russia is the Russian Federation.Russia shares borders with many countries, including China, Ukraine, North Korea and Norway.In terms of land area, Russia is the largest country in the world.Russia is located across 9 time zones.At the beginning of 2013, Russia was estimated to have a population of around 143 million.Russian is the official language of Russia but there are many other languages used in various parts of the country.The capital and largest city in Russia is Moscow. Other major cities in Russia include Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk.

.Geograpghic LandmarksTyatya VolcanoThe Fiery MoutainsThe Lena PillarsThe Balagan-TasVolcanoThe Usolsky Deposits


Natural Resourcesoil, gas, coal, and timber Population TrendsRussia, the world’s largest nation, borders European and Asian countries as well as the Pacific and Arctic oceans. Its landscape ranges from tundra and forests to subtropical beaches.

Histyorical Highlights1939 - Stalin concludes non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, seizing eastern Poland, parts of Romania and Czechoslovakia, and the Baltic States after the start of the Second World War.1939-40 - Inconclusive Winter War against Finland reveals poor state of Soviet armed forces, prompting Stalin to build up military in expectation of eventual war with Germany.1941 - Soviet Union left reeling by surprise German attack in July. German advance only halted on outskirts of Moscow in December.Soviet Union forms alliance with Britain and United States, who provide it with military supplies throughout rest of war.1942 - Soviet military steadily pushes back German forces after Battle of Stalingrad.1945 - Allied victory over Nazi Germany followed by swift establishment of Soviet hegemony in Central and Eastern Europe, and Balkans.

Recent ChangesThere is no aspect of contemporary Russia that has changed more rapidly and unexpectedly than its economic situation. When Vladimir Putin became President Challenges to overcome Global Energy LandscapeWeak InstitutionsSocial CohesionCreavityTwo decades after the fall of communism, Russia remains a mystery to many foreigners. And from a distance, the country's most visible aspects – showy oligarchs and an overbearing political system – hardly seem alluringEffective TimeThe diverging strategic aims of the main actors in the Ukraine conflict means that an enduring settlement will prove elusive even if the current ceasefire endures. Russia wants to keep Ukraine weak and divided, while the Ukrainian government—backed by the United States—wants to rule a reunified country, to include Russian-occupied Crimea. For their part, many Europeans appear content with almost any settlement that ends the fighting and the sanctions that they have imposed on Russia.


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