Rubidiu

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by ElementProjectPeriod5
Last updated 5 years ago

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Science
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Chemical Elements

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Rubidiu

Rubidium (Rb)Atomic Number: 37Atomic Mass: 87.4678 (amu)Group Number: 1AFamily Name: Alkali MetalElement Classification: MetalBoiling Point: 688°C /1270°F/961KMelting Point: 39.31°C /102.8°F/312.46KPhysical State at STP: SolidColor: Metallic, silvery-whiteTexture: SoftOccurance: Found naturally in minerals such as pollucite, leucite, carnallite, and lepidolite. Trace amounts of rubidium can also be commercially produced.Chemical Properties: Oxidizes rapidly, easily vaporized, very reactive, reacts strongly with oxygen and water, and combines violently with halogens (e.g. chlorine). Electron Configuration: 1s² 2s² 2p⁶ 3s² 3p⁶ 4s² 3d¹⁰ 4p⁶ 5s¹Electro Negativity: 0.820Ionization Energy: 403 kJ/moleAtomic Radius: 215 pmCommon Oxidization States: +1

Rubidium

By Catie FikeTing GaoPeriod 5

HISTORY

- Rubidium was discovered by German chemists Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in 1861. - The two chemists discovered the element when analyzing lepidolite, a mineral that contains Rubidium.- Rubidium comes from the Latin word for deepest red, rubidus, because the discoverers of the element observed a deep red color when they viewed the element with a spectroscope.

Isotopes-Rubidium has only 1 stable isotope (Rb-85). - Most of it's isotopes have little significant commercial use. - Rubidium has two naturally occurring isotopes, Rb-85 and Rb-87. Rb-87 is sometimes used in dating rocks and in high precision timing instruments.- Rb-82 is an isotope that's used in cardiac PET scans.Isotopes of Rubidium Include:Rb-71, Rb-72, Rb-73, Rb-74, Rb-75, Rb-76, Rb-77, Rb-78, Rb-79, Rb-80, Rb-81, Rb-82, Rb-83, Rb-84, Rb-85, Rb-86, Rb-87, Rb-89, Rb-90, Rb-91, Rb-92, Rb-93, Rb-94, Rb-95, Rb-96, Rb-97, Rb-98, Rb-99, Rb-100, Rb-101, Rb-102, and Rb-103.

Three compounds of Rubidium:1) Rubidium Carbonate (Rb2O3) - Used to make special types of glass.2) Rubidium Chloride (RbCl) - Used as a chemical reagent and as a biomarker to track where potassium is taken up by living organisms3) Rubidium Hydroxide (RbOH) - Easily absorbs carbon dioxide and is used in electric storage batteries and etch glass.

Pictures of Rubidium

Compounds

Interesting Facts- Rubidium is used in vacuum tubes, the manufacturing of photocells, and creation of special glasses.-Rubidium can be used as a temporary substitution for potassium.- Rubidium may give fireworks a red-violet color.- The element can also be used in ion engines (engines for spacecrafts) because it is easily ionized.- Rubidium is often obtained from mineral production.- It is the 16th most abundant element in the earth's crust.- Scientists are still experimenting with rubidium in order to find out more of it's uses.

A sample of extracted rubium.99% purity.

Londonite-RhodiziteA mineral containing rubidium.

Pure rubidium


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