Rosa Parks

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by SlimShaley
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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Rosa Parks

I would like to be known as the person who is concerned about freedom and equality and justice and presperty for all people.~Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks

On December 5th, 1955, The Montgomery Bus Boycott began. African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating. Approximately, 40,000 African Americans boycotted. Black leaders met to form the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) and the group elected Martin Luther Kind Jr. as president and they decided to continue the boycott until the city agreed to their demands. The boycott lasted 381 days. Then, the state finally agreed to end segragted Buses.

BiographyRosa Parks was born Febuary 4th, 1913 in Tuskegge, Alabama and died October 24th 2005. She was raised on her grandparents farm, there she went through many racial hardships. She claims that once her grandfather stood outside with a shotgun while Klu Klux Klan members marched down the street. She attended segragated schools throughout her childhood but when she was a junior in highschool she left school to care for her mother and grandmother who were both sick. When she was 19 years old she married Raymond Parks who was an active member of the NAACP. Later, she earned her high school degree and joined NAACP as well.

On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus.She took a seat in the colored section but once the bus was full, the Bus driver had noticed a few white people standing because there were no seats left. The bus driver then demanded Rosa and three other African Americans give up their seats, the others did as told, Rosa refused.The police arrested Rosa at the scene and charged her with violation of Chapter 6, Section 11, of the Montgomery City Code. She was arrested and fined $10 plus $4 for court fees.

-1913 Rosa is born in Tuskegee, Alabama.-1932 Rosa marries Raymond Parks.-1943 She becomes secretary of the Montgomery NAACP.-1954 The United States Supreme Court ruled on May 17th that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. -1955 In August, Rosa meets Martin Luther King, Jr. On December 1st, Rosa is arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for not giving her seat to a white passenger on the bus. On December 5th, she stands trial and is found guilty of breaking the segregation laws. The Montgomery bus boycott begins which will last 381 days. -1956 On December 21st, the Montgomery buses become desegregated and black passengers could legally take any seat on the city's buses. -1963 Rosa attends Martin Luther's famous "I Have a Dream" speech delivered at the Lincoln Memorial on August 28th. Rosa Parks speaks at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). President John F. Kennedy is assassinated on November 22nd. -1979 Rosa receives award. Rosa Parks was awarded the Spingarn Medal by the NAACP. -1980 Awarded the Martin Luther King Jr. Award. The Detroit News and Detroit Public Schools establish the Rosa Parks Scholarship Foundation, honoring the 25th anniversary of her stand in Montgomery. -1992 Rosa publishes her first autobiography, "Rosa Parks My Story." She was awarded the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award. -1999 President Bill Clinton awarded Rosa with the 250th Congressional Gold Medal, the highest honor a civilian can receive in the United States. Rosa Parks meets with the Pope in St. Louis and reads a statement to the Pope asking for racial healing. -2005 Rosa Parks dies .-2006 Statue of Rosa Parks was placed in National Statuary Hall in Washington, D.C.


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