Romeo and Juliet Act 3

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Romeo and Juliet Act 3

Romeo still displays signs of impulsive control disorder in Act 3. There are instances where his hasty actions directly puts him in danger or harms somebody else, and he does so with little contemplation. After Mercutio's tragic death by the hands of Tybalt, Romeo engages Tybalt with sheer fury. He slew Tybalt before Benvolio could even "Draw to part them" (3.1.182), to break up the fight. Romeo dispatched Tybalt so quickly, so impulsively aggressive, that Benvolio describes their fight was like lightning. Also, upon hearing of his banishment, Romeo is so overtaken by his grief of losing Juliet and Verona that he impulsively attempts suicide (3.3.118-119), lamenting that banishment is just as terrible a sentence as death, for both would steal Juliet. It is only thanks to Friar Lawrence that there is not a third death in the Act. Romeo's passionate yet impulsive actions continue to prove his diagnosis as impulsive control disorder.

Romeo Diagnosis

Juliet Diagnosis

Juliet's dependent disorder diagnosis has evolved in Act 3. It is more accurate to refer to her condition as obsessive love addiction. It is a mental state in which the patient is seemingly addicted to a person and his/her love, to the point where the patient will objectify the beloved and will neglect others. Juliet heaps praises upon Romeo's features, describing how if her were a constellation he would draw undivided attention to himself and night (3.2.25-26). Juliet is unable to bring herself to villify Romeo entirely for the death of Tybalt, her own cousin. She exclaims that Romeo is the "Sole monarch of the universal earth" and "what a beast was I to chide at him!" (3.2.103-104). She idolizes Romeo and even elevates him above her own family. Juliet objectifies Romeo as something for her to use and enjoy, or objects of addiction. She proclaims she has "bought the mansion of a love/But not possessed it" (3.2.28-29) and sees herself as "an impatient child that hath new robes/And may not wear them" (3.3.32-33), imagining Romeo as a house or robes that she has not appreciated yet. These instances support her new diagnosis of obsessive love addiction.

Mercutio Diagnosis

Tybalt Diagnosis

Even for the brief scene that Mercutio is present in, it is still obvious why his diagnosis is compulsive speech disorder. Mercutio is a profuse conversationalist who is overly boisterous and aggressive in conversation, and who's spontaneous words are often provocative, threatening, or insulting . Mercutio is the first to mention a fight against Tybalt, telling him to "Couple it [a word]/with something. Make it a word and a blow" (3.1.40-41). Among his friends, he is playfully insulting, monopolizing the conversation and jesting at Benvolio's supposedly confrontational attitude. He claims that Benvolio "wilt quarrel with a man that/hath a hair more or a hair less in his beard" (3.1.18-19) and that Benvolio's "head is as full of quarrels as/an egg is full of meat" (3.1.23-24). This demonstrates Mercutio's sharp and witty tongue that Benvolio is barely able to compete against. Even on the verge of death, Mercutio is quick to speak his mind, harshly condemning both Montague's and Capulet's for the feud that killed him at Tybalt's hands. His final diagnosis is, therefore, compulsive speech disorder. Shakespeare wielded Mercutio like an instrument of foul speech and comical insults; his prescence will be greatly missed.

Based on the events of this Act, Tybalt's diagnosis is adult opposition defiant disorder, or adult ODD. This is a mental condition characterized by seeking out confontations and losing tempers. The patient has a tendency to fight and defend his actions. While Tybalt shows signs of intermittent explosive disorder throughout, ODD better represents his confrontational character. In every scene that Tybalt has been present in, he displays an incredible inclination to quarrel with others, particularly with Montagues. Without hesitation, Tybalt agrees to Mercutio's invitation to fight and in the fleeting moments that Tybalt is present in Act 3, he already delivers the first death of the entire play, moving past Romeo and mortally wounding Mercutio. Tybalt is a fiendish instigator who immediately taunts Romeo to fight by calling him a "villain". Despite Romeo's avoidance of conflict and statement of truce in lines 63-66, Tybalt insists that it "shall not excuse the injuries/That thou hast done me. Therefore turn and draw" (3.1.67-68). Since Tybalt was heroically killed by Romeo, oppositional defiant disorder will be a fitting, final diagnosis.

Romeo and Juliet: Act 3 Diagnoses

Romeo kills Tybalt

Juliet, Nurse, and Lady Capulet

Mercutio's Death

Lark of Day

Nightingale of Night


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