Roman Ghetto

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by italian1994
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Jewish History

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Roman Ghetto

-About 2,000 to 3,000 Jews lived in Rome in 1555, when the Jewish ghetto was created by Pope Paul IV.- The Jews in the ghetto lived in poverty and very cramped conditions.-This community was between about 7,000- 9,000 strong before it was opened in 1870.- Jews in this community were allowed to leave during day light hours, but when they were outside the ghetto, they had to wear clothing that identified their religion.- All Jews had to attend the Catholic churches that were in the ghetto.

- A Jewish Ghetto was established in 1555 in the Rione Sant'Angelo in Rome italy.- In the area of present day Via del Portico d' Ottavia, Lungotevere dei Cenci, Via del Progresso and Via di Santa Maria del Pianto, close to the River Tiber and the Theatre of Marcellus.- The first Jews arrived as messengers sent bu Judah Maccabee.

Legacy

Due to the three hundred plus years of isolation from the rest of the city, the Jews of the Roman Ghetto developed their own dialect, known as Giudeo-romanesco, which differs from the dialect of the rest of the city in its preservation of 16th-century dialectical forms and its liberal use of romanized Hebrew words.

The Ghetto Years

Ghetto di Roma

"No one seems the least bit thrown by this jarring mosaic of times and cultures. Everybody is too busy talking, sipping, pointing, sauntering, forking up something delicious. In this city’s 2,000 years of glorious and inglorious history, the nine-month German occupation (Sept. 11, 1943, to June 4, 1944) is just a nick. In a few years, the last survivors of the Nazi occupation will be gone and the events of those terrible nine months will take their place in the flusso di Roma, the ebb and flow of Rome’s vast tidal history. But for now, amid the joyous clamor of the ghetto, the voices of those who endured that time can still be heard. "-"Echoes from the Roman Ghetto" by David Laskin

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The Ghetto Today

ROMAN GHETTO

The deportation of Jews from Rome to concentration camps.

The Jewish community was confined to the ghetto because of their Middle-Eastern ways of life. In 1870, Jews were granted full citizenship and given the freedom they were denied for years. Fascism began to spread in Italy and the citizenship of Jews was once again being questioned. In 1943, Jewish Italians were sent to concentration camps. Although Jewish Italians living in Rome were taken from their homes and suffered cruel treatment by Nazis, italian Jews had the least deaths post World War II.


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