Roman Colosseum

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
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Roman Colosseum

3 The design of the Roman Colosseum applied the latest in Roman arts, engineering, architecture and other creative endeavours. The invention of concrete enabled this massive building to be built quickly, efficiently and to great effect. All of this was done to the highest artistic standard and in a highly skilled manner.

ROMAN COLOSSEUM

1 The building of the Roman Colosseum began between 73-75 A.D. and was almost completed in 79AD when Vespasian died. Vespasian's older son Titus saw the completion of building the Colosseum.

What was the purpose?1The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, and was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. 2 The Colosseum was the Empire's primary stage for gladiatorial combat for nearly 4 centuries. In a show of Rome's wealth and extravagance, during the opening ceremonies in 80 AD, 100 days of the games were held.How much did the Coloseeum cost?4 No one knows exactly how much the building of the Colosseum cost. But in A.D. 70 Titus had sacked the city of Jerusalem. The fabulous treasures of Jerusalem paid for the building of the Colosseum, and no expense was spared in the project.

4 Its purpose was to be a gift to the Roman citizens, a massive breath-taking structure that conveyed the wealth, might and power of Rome, showing exotic, wild animals from all corners of the Roman Empire, showing off the extent of Rome’s conquests of different countries. It displayed the latest of Roman engineering and building techniques and showed re-enactments of famous Roman battles, including sea battles that required it to be flooded with water, which encouraged patriotism. 1 The wealthy Roman patricians who were responsible for staging such events grew in popularity, so they became political events by which prominent Romans could gain popularity with the mob. Eventually the provision of the Gladiatorial Games were seen as a method to please the Roman gods and goddesses and avert Rome from disaster. The organization of the games, which involved great expenses, became a matter of public interest and was regulated by many laws.

Design and Dimensions1 The Design of the Colosseum was constructed according to specific plans and dimensions. The Colosseum is an entirely free-standing structure, oval in shape, 615 ft long, 510 ft wide, 187 ft high and had a base area of 6 acres. 3 These are detailed in Dimensions of the Colosseum. It was a symbol of the power of Rome and its emperors. Its classical design features which were reminiscent of classical Greek architecture was meant to convey that Rome was also a great and civilised nation.Seating2 As it was said before the Colesseum could fit up to 80,000 people, but the seating was not first come first serve. The higher one's social status, the better the seating. Typically, the citizens would be sat accordingly: first section sat Senators, second section sat Equestrians, third section say Intermediate categories, and the last section sat women and plebeians.

2 A map of central Rome during the Roman Empire, with the Colosseum at the upper right corner

3 The Colosseum consisted of four floors. The first three storeys had high, arched entrances designed with tiers of Ionic, Doric and Corinthian columns.

What did it to for the society?

History of Roman Colesseum


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