Roman Art and Architecture

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Roman Art and Architecture

The Colosseum is a massive ampetheater located just east of the Roman Forum. The Colloseum was built in A.D. 70-72, it was used for gladiator combats and wild animal fights. The Colosseum was 620 by 513 feet made of stone and concrete. The Colosseum was able to fit more that 50,000 people, formaly known as the Flavian Ampitheater.

The Pantheon

The Pantheon is a massive architectural structure, its ceiling made of intersecting arches, making a dome at the top. Built in 25 B.C. to honor the gods of ancient Rome, 6 men and 6 woman. The Panthoen was built with very thick concrete, bricks, and pumice stone. The dome of the Panthoen is 43m by 43m.

Arches and Vaults

Arches in Rome were very popular to use on buildings. The invention of arches helped to build bridges, as well what is called an aqueduct. Aqueducts are man made channels to carry water. Arches were used in most known Roman places, such as the dome of the Pantheon and the Colosseum.

Greek Influence

Roman architecture was very influenced by the Greek architecture. The Romans closely follwed many techniques from the Greeks, including home decoration. Some of these similarities consist of Greek sculptures of gods and goddesses, mosaics, and they even hired Greek artists so they could have the best home decor.Not only did the Romans copy Greek homes, but they also included Greek columns in their temples and buildings, including the Greek Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian columns.

The Colosseum

Roman Art and ArchitectureTevy Boyd

Roman Art

Roman Homes

Wealthy Romans lived in lavish houses, their walls decorated with beautiful realistic mosaics, often referring to Roman gods. Even though the rich Romans had nice fernishngs, their houses held very few. Poor Romans were squeezed in tight apartment buildings and couldn't fit barely anything in, much less extravagant furnature.

Rome was just peeking in its art culture during the Renaissance. This was when artists started to become interested in more realistic and classical art. Paintings and sculptures were oftenly based on religion and legends. Some of the more known artists that were captured by these ideas were people such as Michaelangelo and Botticelli.

Roman Homes cont.

Furnishings such as marble tables, folding chairs, day beds, and cathedras would be found in an average Roman home. Romans used oil lamps, small bronze braziers, and coal to make light. Romans stored their food and other items in heavy chests.

The Colosseum is known as Rome's most popular tourist attraction

The Pantheon was a forbidden place, only priests and vestals were allowed


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