Robert Owen

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Robert Owen

Robert Owen;Founder of Utopian Socialism

BibliographyRobert Owen, (born May 14, 1771, Newtown, Montgomeryshire, Wales—died November 17, 1858, Newtown), was a Welsh manufacturer turned into reformer, Known as one of the most influential early 19th-century advocates of utopian socialism. His New Lanark mills in Lanarkshire, Scotland, with their social and industrial welfare programs, became a place of pilgrimage for statesmen and social reformers. He also sponsored or encouraged many experimental “utopian” communities, including one in New Harmony, Indiana, U.S. Owen was the second youngest of seven children of Robert Owen, the postmaster of Newtown, and Anne Williams. He attended local schools until the age of 10, when he became an apprentice to a clothier. His employer had a good library, and Owen spent much of his time reading. His reading of books on religious controversies led him to conclude at an early age that there were fundamental flaws in all religions. Excelling in business, by the time he was 19 he had become superintendent of a large cotton mill in Manchester, and he soon developed it into one of the foremost establishments of its kind in Great Britain. Owen made use of the first American Sea Island cotton (a fine, long-staple fibre) ever imported into Britain and made improvements in the quality of the cotton spun. On becoming manager and a partner in the Manchester firm, Owen induced his partners to purchase the New Lanark mills in Lanarkshire. In 1813 Owen published two of the four essays in A New View of Society; or, Essays on the Principle of the Formation of the Human Character, in which he expounded the principles on which his system of educational philanthropy was based. Having lost all belief in the prevailing forms of religion, he developed his own creed that he took to be an entirely new and original discovery. The chief point in Owen’s philosophy was that man’s character was formed by circumstances over which he had no control. For this reason, man was not a proper subject of either praise or blame. These convictions led him to the conclusion that the great secret in the right formation of man’s character was to place him under the proper influences from his earliest years. The nonresponsibility of man and the effect of early influences were the hallmark of Owen’s entire system of education and social amelioration.

Being that Today, modern societies like Canada and most parts of the world are some sort of mixed economy, Socialism would have quite a huge impact on the society. Since Socialism calls for public rather than private ownership or control of property and natural resources. According to the socialist view, individuals do not live or work in isolation but live in cooperation with one another. Furthermore, everything that people produce is in some sense a social product, and everyone who contributes to the production of a good is entitled to a share in it. Wheareas in our current economy A mixed economy is a capitalist economic system where some of the means of production, usually a few public services, are operated by the public or government, but most things are run by private businesses. Since both economy's are quiet different i feel that socialism would have a negative impact in todays society. People here are used to a healthy mix of public and private sectors. Changing this to make everything publically owned could be very unsettling. Their could be alot of differences in opinions between others and how things should get done causing lots of controversy. You cant expect everyone to come to the same conclusions, everyone has a different opinion. Also, people have argued that in any society where everyone holds equal wealth there can be no material incentive to work, because one does not receive rewards for a work well done. Another point is that According to economist Hans-Hermann Hoppe, countries where the means of production are socialized are not as prosperous as those where the means of production are under private control. Ludwig von Mises, a classical liberal economist, argued that aiming for more equal incomes through state intervention necessarily leads to a reduction in national income and therefore average income.

Personal Information

New Harmony

My Thoughts

Resource Weblinks

http://robert-owen-museum.org.uk/http://www.newharmony-in.gov/about_new _harmony.phphttp://infed.org/mobi/education-in-robert-owens-new-society-the-new-lanark-institute-and-schools/

Books

Helping Others

Video

Robert Owen was an extremely hardworking individiual. Some activities that he partook in were reading, sports, playing musical instruments, etc... If there was one song that would be considered his favourite it would have to be; Do You Hear the People Sing. The song is about helping others and to fight for your freedom. He was educated til the age of 10, where he attended various public schools until becoming a Clothier. The genre of music that would reflect his personality would be soft, quiet, chill, etc...

"Man is the creature of circumstances."

"Never argue; repeat your assertion."

"To train and educate the rising generation will at all times be the first object of society, to which every other will be subordinate"


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