Robert Hooke

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Scientific Biographies

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Robert Hooke

Robert Hooke


What happened & Why?

-invented the compound microscope illumination system-created drawings of things he examined-discovered plant cells with cork observations (cell walls)-served as a Secretary for Royal Society-first person to examine fossils with the use of a microscope-discovered similarities between petrified wood and fossil shells-explaned reason why fossil shells being in strange places like mountains and inland regions-proposed wave theory of light

-born July 18, 1635 at Freshwater on the Isle of Wight (English Island)-son of a churchman, who mostly educated him at home-studied at Westminster school at age 13-later studied at Oxford alongside some of the best scientists of the time-impressive skills -became Robert Boyle’s assistant-1662 named Curator of Experiments of the newly formed Royal Society of London -he was responsible for demonstrating new experiments at the Society's weekly meetings.

Early Life & Nationality

Book Titles

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- Micrographia (1665) -described observations made with microscopes and telescopes -some original work in biology-Discourse of Earthquakes (1705) -explained reason for fossil shells being in strange places like mountains and inland regions

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Scientific Discoveries& Accomplishments


“ . . I could exceedingly plainly perceive it to be all perforated and porous, much like a Honey-comb, but that the pores of it were not regular. . . . these pores, or cells, . . . were indeed the first microscopical pores I ever saw, and perhaps, that were ever seen, for I had not met with any Writer or Person, that had made any mention of them before this. . .” (Observation XVIII)"It seems not improbable, that the tops of the highest and most considerable Mountains in the World have been under Water, and that they themselves most probably seem to have been the Effects of some very great Earthquake." (Discourse of Earthquakes)

-concluded that many fossils represented organisms that no longer existed on Earth-cell theory -discovered before Darwin that fossils were a source of documentation of the evolution of species that "appeared and previously gone extinct"-mineralised remains of dead organisms-invented the air pump-invented the universal joint (used in cars today)-invented the iris diaphragm -suggested the force of gravity could be measured by a pendelum-theororized gravity is responsible for the eliptical orbit of planets around the sun

- grew up in a religious oriented family-all brothers were ministers and he too was fated for the Chuch, but had bad health-went to Christian schooling and made and maintained connections with the officials there-served as an architect for the building of religious institutions-held a position as a chorister at Christ Church Oxford-formed a good relationship with Head master of Westminster (Busby)parish church at Willen in Buckinghamshire (headmaster of Westminster's house/living quarters)-in present day is featured in many stained glass windows in parishes-allows us to infer his scientific developments did not deteriorate or cause bad relations with officias/religion

Church Relations


Use of Scientific Method

-used the process of cause and effectinterested in why things occurred-did not modernize his way of th inking -not use quantitive thinking like other modernized thinkers -expressed effects of nature in mathematical terms

Effects on European Society

-inventions enabled for the technological advancement of society-his discovery and orignation of the cell caused people to notice the microscopic world around them-caused people to further investigate why things were the way they were in the world-his creation of the compound microscope allowed for people to discover new organisms and details of the world-showed people the details of the world with his drawings -"Leonardo of England"-his work was the basis for future discoveries

Wagoner, Ben. "Robert Hooke." Robert Hooke., 20 Jan. 2001. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. .Unknown. "Robert Hooke." Hooke Biography. School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St. Andrews, Aug. 2002. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.Hooke, Robert. Micrographia, 1665. Palo Alto, Ca.: Octavo, 1998. Print. Unknown. "Robert Hooke." Westminster School, 18 July 2007. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. .



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