Roaring Twenties

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by mrshegog
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
7

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 Roaring Twenties

Prohibition refers to the laws that banned the drinking of alcoholic beverages. In 1913, drys began calling for the prohibition amendment to the constitution. In December 1917, Congress approved the 18th Amendment, which made it illegal to manufacture, sell or transport alcoholic beverages. It was ratified by the states in January 1919. The Congress adopted the Volstead Act in October 1919. This law provided the enforcement of the 18th Amendment. Liquors were defined as those containing at last 0.5% alcohol. In 1920 the 18th Amendment went into effect with widespread support. The law did not stop people from drinking. People would either make their own alcohol or buy it in bars called speakeasies, which were supplied usually by bootleggers. Bootlegging led to violent gangs. Anti-prohibitionists started giving reasons why Prohibition was bad for the United States, including taking away jobs and provoking gangs. In 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt won his election primarily because he said he would repeal the 18th Amendment. When he came into office he passed the 21st Amendment which repealed the 18th Amendment. The national Prohibition ended on December 5, 1933.

The Roaring 1920s

Prohibition

Warren G. HardingUnder his leadership, the Teapot Dome Scandal occurred. Albert Fall, a member of Harding’s cabinet accepted a bribe from an oil company for the lease of reserves and subsequently went to prison. This led to Harding’s low standing in history.

Model TFord Motor Company produced the Model T with the first assembly line and by producing their own parts to make it cheaper. The Model T was the first car that was affordable to the average person.

Zora Neale HurstonNora was one of writers of the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was a literary, artistic and intellectual movement of the 1920s that gave black culture a new identity.

Ernest HemmingwayErnest Hemmingway was one of the writers of the Lost Generation. The Lost Generation was a term used to describe a group of American writers who helped make the foundation for modern literature.

Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington was an American jazz composer, bandleader, and pianist. He is rated as one of the greatest jazz musicians.

Babe RuthBabe Ruth was a great home run hitter of the 1920s. He hit 714 home runs during his career, which was the record until 1974.

JazzLouis Armstrong was a jazz musician. Jazz is a style of African-American music that developed in the southern United States and gained popularity in the 1920s.

FlappersFlappers were women who would cut their hair short, and wear short skirts and make-up. They went out to dance to jazz. Flappers represented new freedoms for women.


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