Road to the Revolution

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by 8lacno
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Discipline:
Social Studies
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World History

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Road to the Revolution

Road to the

Revolution

Quebec ActThe Quebec Act was created on October 7, 1774. This Act was meant to set up a government for the territory taken from France in 1763. This Act also claimed land between the Ohio and Missouri rivers as a part of Canada. The new boundaries this act created took away the western lands claimed by several colonies and blocked colonists from moving west.

Intolerable ActsThe Intolerable Acts were created in 1774. This consisted of 4 laws. To close the port of Boston, abolish the upper house of Massachusetts’s legislature, the accused were sent to Britain to be tried by jury instead of in the colonies, and they strengthened the Quartering Act.

The Boston Tea PartyThe Boston Tea Party took place on the night of December 16, 1773. This, “Party,” was organized by the Sons of Liberty to stop the East India Company tea from being unloaded. A large crowd, disguised as Native Americans, boarded three ships, the Dartmouth, the Eleanor, and the Beaver. They threatened ship captains who were bringing in the tea and colonial merchants who were willing to buy it. They threw 342 cases of tea into the harbor and 90,000 pounds of tea. No tea was unloaded in New York, Philadelphia, or other ports. “When the twenty days are up, on the night of the sixteenth of December, those ships are going to be boarded. That tea will be dumped in Boston Harbor.”Chapter 6 pg. 138“everyone talked that nigh, that not one thing should be damaged on the ship except only the tea”Chapter 6 pg. 147

First Continental CongressThe First Continental Congress was first set up in September and October of 1774. This Congress was meant to be a meeting to discuss on what to do next. 12 of the 13 colonies sent representatives. The Congress demanded a repeal of the Intolerable Acts, declared that the colonists had the right to govern and tax their own people train militias, and a new boycott of British goods. They voted to meet again in May 1775 if demands were not met.“shaking hands with them, wishing them success at the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.”Chapter 8 pg. 207“Everyone was ready to give them advice on whom to see, what to say, or to prophesy the outcome of this Congress.”Chapter 8 Pg. 207

The Tea ActThe Tea Act was intended to help the British East India Company but it also lowered the price of tea towards the colonists. The East India Company was one of Britain’s most important tea companies. This company sold tea to both Britain and the colonies. This act lowered the price of tea because it allowed the East India Company to ship tea directly to the colonies. Before, tea had to be shipped to Britain first. Colonists still reacted angrily to the Tea Act because the East India Company still had a monopoly on selling British tea in the colonies. Their monopoly hurt many colonial merchants because they sold Dutch tea, smuggled into the colonies, and they couldn’t compete with lower-priced tea. The Prime Minister of England, Frederick North, felt the colonists should not object to the Tea Act since the price of tea was reduced. “But insisted upon a small tax on tea.”Chapter 6 pg. 123“the tax had been paid by the East India Company in London before the tea was shipped over here.”Chapter 6 pg. 123

Second Continental CongressThe Second Continental Congress took place in Philadelphia May 1775. The delegates were Thomas Jefferson, a young lawyer from Virginia, Boston Merchant John Hancock, and Benjamin Franklin from Philadelphia. This meeting was presided over to John Hancock. Presided means the position of authority in a meeting or gathering. The Second Continental Congress lacked the legal authority to govern and they assumed authority. This congress contributed military matters, statements of position, Finances towards the war, Independence, opening of diplomatic matters, and Legislation.

Olive Branch PetitionThe Olive Branch Petition was shipped over to Britain by boat on July 8, 1775. This petition was a protest against the harsh regime inflicted upon the North American states by the British colonists, in particular the imposition of new, harsher taxes. A regime is a government. This was the last attempt by the moderate party in North America to avoid war of independence against Britain. There were 48 signatures on this petition but it did not achieve its end. I was disregarded by the king and did not end the conflict.

Paul Revere's RideIn the spring of 1775, most of Massachusetts Patriot leaders had taken refuge in outlying communities. Remaining in Boston were two physicians, Benjamin Church and Joseph Warren. Paul Revere, a trusted messenger, also stayed in the city, tended his business interests and as possible, kept an eye on the soldiers’ stationed city.On the 16th, he went to Concord, or a storehouse for weapons. He warned the people there that the British were coming to attack and steal their weapons and supplies. They hid arms, and valuables in barns, wells, and swamps. Heading home, he met with the leaders in Charlestown to plan about the route the British would take. Once the night had came, the Old North Church would signal everyone the route. Another person, William Dawes went to Lexington on horse, just in case Paul Revere didn’t make it on boat. The attacks from the British were called for, but some men were killed or wounded.

MinutemenMinutemen were thought of during a meeting at the First Continental Congress on February of 1775. Minutemen are a small, handpicked elite force, which required being highly mobile and able to assemble quickly. They are selected from an already local militia muster roll by their commanding officers. They are chosen for their enthusiasm, reliability, and strength. These men played a crucial role in not only the Revolutionary War, nut in earlier conflicts as well. On July 18, 1775, the Continental Congress recommended that other colonies organize units of minutemen. Minutemen were crucial to the Continental Congress because the colonies were in need of protection and a continental army. So in October of 1774, the provincial Congress of Massachusetts voted to enroll 12,000 men under the title of Minutemen. “before the Minute men got word of their plans, they had seized cannon and gunpowder over in Charlestown”Chapter 8 pg. 206“the system of calling up the Minute men had worked well indeed.”Chapter 8 pg. 206

Battle at Lexington and ConcordSome 700 British troops arrived in Lexington and came upon 77 militiamen gathered on the town green. The outnumbered militiamen had just been ordered by their commander to disperse when the shot heard around the world rang out. This shot heard around the world was the start of the American Revolution.

Dec. 16, 1773

May 1775

April 19, 1775

Feb. 1775

Spring 1774

Oct. 7, 1774

May 10, 1773

Sept. and Oct. of 1774

Shipped by boat on July 8, 1775

Battle at Lexington and Concord

Spring 1775


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