Road to the revolution

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by 8Arthur
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Road to the revolution

Townshend ActsIn 1767, the British passed the Townshend Acts. Instead of taxing the products or activities inside the colonies, it only taxed products brought into the colonies.Johnny Tremain QuotesHe also began to employ him and Giblin to do express riding for the Boston Committee of Correspondence(Committe of Correspondence)(Page 117)

Committee of CorrespondenceColonial leaders saw the need to keep closer contact with people in other colonies. After the Boston Massacre, Samuel Adams established the Committee of Correspondence. What it did was it kept the colonists informed of British actions.

1766

1767

1770

1773

Stamp ActThe colonists sent a petition to the King and Parliament. The petition asked to end the Sugar Act and Stamp Act. It was a success. But at the same time, Parliament passed the Declatory act which said that Parliament had total control over the colonies.Johnny Tremain Quotes"He's sly. When the merchants agreed not to import any English goods until the Stamp Act was repealed, he was one of the first to sign-then imported secretly.(Stamp Act)(Page 82)

Writs of AssistanceThe British were allowed to use Writs of Assistance that allowed the British soldiers to make searches without saying what they were searching for. This helped enforce the Townshend acts. The colonists reacted by boycotting British goods.

Boston MassacreThe protests worked and as the result, the townshend act was repealed except the tax on tea. On March 5, 1770, an angry crowd of workers and sailors surrounded a small group of soldiers. They shouted and threw rocks and snowballs at them. The frightened soldiers shot their guns into the crowd killing five and wounding six. This event is known as the Boston Massacre.

1767

1773

Tax on TeaDuring the early 1700s, The colonists quieted down but was still unsatisfied. Even though many of the Townshend duties has been repealed, Many colonists drank tea and with every cup they drank, they were paying a tax that Parliament placed on them without their consent.

Video Linkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eytc9ZaNWyc

Tea ActParliament passed the Tea Act to help the British East Indian Company. The colonists reacted by boycotting the tea which seriously damaged the company. The Tea Act actually lowered the price of tea but the colonists were angry because it gave the company a monopoly on selling British tea inside the colonies.Johnny Tremain QuotesFriends! Brethren! Countrymen! That worst of Plagues, the detested tea shipped for this Port by the East India Company, is now arrived in the Harbour: the hour of destruction, of manly opposition to the machinations of Tyranny, stares you in the face; Every Friend to his Country, to Himself, and to Posterity, is now called upon to met at Faneuil Hall, at nine o'clock this day [that, of course, is tomorrow Monday], at which time the bells will ring to make united and successful resistance to ths last, worst, and most destructive measure of Administration....Boston, Nov.29, 1773(Tea Act)(Page 125)

Boston Tea PartyAn organization known as the Sons of Liberty organized in port cities to prevent tea from being unloaded. No tea was unloaded but Governor Thomas Hutchinson said he will make sure that the tea will be unloaded. When the tea ships arrived, a large crowd gathered around the harbor on the night of December 16, 1773. They dressed as Native Americans, boarded the ships, and dumped all the tea out into the sea. This event was known as the Boston Tea Party.Johnny Tremain Quotes"Well, boys," said a voice, so cold one hardly knew whether he spoke in anger or not, "you've had a fine, pleasant evening-for your Indian caper, haven't you? But mind... you've got to pay the fiddler yet."(Boston Tea Party)(Page 149)

Road to the RevolutionBy: Arthur Lee

1773

Intolerable ActsIn response to the Boston Tea Party, King George III passed four laws known as the Intolerable Acts. The first act closed the ports of Boston. The second act increased the powers of the royal government. The third act abolished the upper house of the Massachusetts legislature and cut the power of town meetings. The fourth act strengthened the quartering act. Parliament also passed the Quebec act which set up a government for the territory taken from France. The colonists reacted by helping the people of Boston. The Committee of Correspondence organized a meeting known as the First Continental Congress. The Congress demanded a repeal of the Intolerable Acts but the demands were not met.Johnny Tremain QuotesBut when that bill came-the fiddler's bill-that bill for the tea, it was so much heavier than anyone expected, Boston was thrown into a paroxysm of anger and despair.(Intolerable Acts)(Page 153)

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1775

Lexington and Concord The British had no intention of meeting the First Continental Congress but instead chose to restore the British authority. The colonists began to arm and form a militia known as minutemen. General Thomas Gage, the new governor of Massachusetts learned that the minutemen were storing arms in Concord. He sent 700 troops to seize the arms and capture some colonial leaders. Paul Revere and William Dawes heard of this and rode throughout the night to warn the minutemen. 77 minutemen stationed at Lexington encountered the British and the British ordered the militiamen to leave but they refused. Suddenly, a shot rang out. It started the battleat lexington and concord. The british won the battle but The British reached Concord only finding that it was empty. The British returned to the colonies but suffered a heavy loss.Johnny Tremain Quotes"They'll make good targets, all right," he said absent-mindedly. "Out in Lexington they are telling us," "Pick off the officers first, then the sergeants." Those white crosses on their chests are easy to sight on..."(Lexington and Concord)(Page 199-200)

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