Road to the Revolution Pt. 3

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by 8tong
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
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American History

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Road to the Revolution Pt. 3

Road to the Revolution Pt. 3

Intolerable Acts:The Intolerable Acts were set in place as a punishment for the Boston Tea Party. The Intolerable acts closed the ports of Boston, creating a blockade, only allowing the King’s ships into the harbor. As the King’s power was increased, the Upper House of the Massachusetts legislature was abolished. The 1765 Quartering Act was strengthened as British troops came to the thirteen colonies to enforce the king’s rule and laws. Colonist considered this a violation to the right to govern themselves and a violation of their natural rights.

2nd Continental Congress:On May 10, 1775 the 2nd Continental Congress took place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The delegates were divided on if they wanted to go to war, but realized that the must prepare for it. The first step was to form an army and chose George Washington as the general. The second step was to printed paper money in order to create some sort of economy or currency. Their last order of business was to send King George the Olive Branch Petition, to try and avoid going to war.

Boston Massacre:The Boston Massacre took place in Boston on March 5, 1770. Colonist were angered by all the taxes Britain had put on them. A angry crowed of workers and sailors surrounded a small group of British soldiers. They shouted at the soldiers and threw snow and rocks at the soldiers. The soldiers fired their guns killing 5 and injuring 6. With the help of John Adams the soldiers were arrested and tried, but only 2 were convicted.

1770

1773

1774

1775

Quebec Act:In 1774 Parliament passed the Quebec Act. The act expanded the Quebec territory west. It claimed the land between the Ohio and Missouri Rivers. The colonies were angered by the Quebec Act because it took away land and prevented movement west.

Olive Branch Petetion:The Olive Branch Petition was sent to King George by the Second Continental Congress. The petition stated that the colonist were loyal to the king and wanted to stop the fighting. After receiving this King George declared they were in open rebellion. Their final attempt to avoid war failed, now the colonist must continue to push for independence.

1st Continental Congress:The 1st Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates, that took place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. All the colonies, but Georgia participated in the 1st Continental Congress. The purpose of this meeting was to try to repeal the intolerable acts. They also began a new boycott of British goods. The congress planned on meeting again on May 10, 1775.

Battle of Lexington and Concord:

Chapter 10, Page 240: "If the British go out over the Neck, we will show one lantern. If in the boats-two."Chapter 11, Page 257: "Where did it begin?' asked Johnny. 'Lexington."

Boston Tea Party:In response to the Tea Act the Sons of Liberty devised a plan to stop the tea from getting of the ships. During the night on December 16, 1773, they marched onto the ships dressed as Indians. The Sons of Liberty boarded the ships very civilized and dumped 342 chest of tea into the harbor. During this raid there was no killings or violence. After this events tensions between the Patriots and British grew.

Tea Act:The Tea Act was put in place to help Britain’s East India Company. This act act lowered the price of tea by allowing the East India Company to ship directly to the colonies. The act gave the company a monopoly on selling tea in the colonies. Merchants were upset by the tax because they were unable to compete with the lower prices. Colonial leaders argued that although the price was lower they still had to pay a tax on the tea. The colonist boycotted tea, refusing to allow it to land.

Paul Revere (1735-1818):Paul Revere was a silversmith and a member of the Sons of Liberty. He is best known for taking his "midnight ride". On an April night in 1775 Paul Revere rode across the Charles River to Lexington. He warned Sam Adams, John Hancock, and the minutement that the Red Coats were heading towards Concord. Thanks to Paul Revere the minutemen were prepard and stood up to the British.

Chapter 6, Page 141: "Tempers grew higher and higher. Boston was swept with a passion it had not known since the Boston Massacre three years before."Chapter 4, Page 82:"Johnny's life with he Laphams had been so limited he knew little of the political strife which was turning Boston into two armed camps."

Chapter 6, Page 147: "Captain Hall shrugged and did as he was told, leaving his cabin boy to hand over the keysto the hold. The boy was grinning with pleasure. The 'tea party' was not unexpected."Chapter 6, Page 147: "There was a boatswain's whistle, and in silenceone group boarded the Dartmouth. The Eleanor and the Beaver had to be warped in to the wharf."

Chapter 6, Page 124: "It's the Dartmouth and she will be as far as Castle Island by nightfall."Chapter 6, Page 125:"If that tea is landed-if that tax is paid-everthing will be lost."

Chapter 6, Page 155: "Boston was inundated with British soldiers, and now every third person one met in the street wore the handsome uniform of King George the Third."Chapter 7, Page 153:"But when that bill came-the fiddler's bill-that bill for the tea, it was much heavier than anyone expected, Boston was thrown into a paroxysm of anger and despair."

Chapter 10, Page 239: "Revere was saying getting to his feet. I'll row over to to Charlestown tonight, go to Lexington, and tell them that a sizable force may soon move."Chapter 10, Page 253:"By now Paul Revere was in his boat, trying to steal aroundher. In Charlestown the horse waited for him."


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