Road to the Revolution (Lauren and Matthew) pg.1

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Road to the Revolution (Lauren and Matthew) pg.1

1764

1767

1763

1766

1765

The Road To The RevolutionBy Lauren Revilla and Matthew Takara

1773

Proclamation ActAfter the Pontiac’s war, the British issued the Proclamation of 1763 because they didn’t want to see the Native Americans on the frontier and have wars with them. They drew a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains so the Native Americans don’t pass it. The British wanted settlers to move to the east of the line because they didn’t want any settlers in the west of the mountains. As a result, the Proclamation angered many colonists. They believed they had the right to reside wherever they wanted. Also, many people ignored the proclamation.

Sugar Act On April 5, 1764, the British passed the Sugar Act to impose taxes and put a duty on several products. It doubled the duties on shipping goods from England to the colonies. It also required paying a tax of six pence per gallon of molasses, sugar and other products like coffee and indigo. Many people smuggled and colonial merchants protested.

Stamp ActThe Stamp Act was Britain’s way of trying to pay for the war debt from helping the colonists to win during the war. It required all colonists to buy special tax stamps for all kinds of products, activities, and more. The stamps had to be stamped on newspapers, wills, licenses, insurance, policies, land titles, contracts, and other documents. Again, many colonists kept protesting. Patrick Henry, one of the members in the House of Burgesses of Virginia, made an amazing speech attacking the law. Many merchants from different colonies like New York, Boston, and Philadelphia organized a boycott. A boycott is an organized campaign to refuse to buy certain things. In conclusion, many protests spread. Later on, nine colonies gathered in New York to send a petition, a written request to a government. They wanted to end the Sugar Act and Stamp Act. In 1766, while protests kept going, the Parliament repealed the Stamp Act.

Quartering Act The government also passed an act called the Quartering Act. Its job was to save money and required colonists to quarter, or house, British troops. It also required colonists to provide them care by giving them food, clothing, and other things. A large group of colonists didn’t like it so they protested angrily.

Tea Act The Tea Act was passed by Parliament on May 20, 1773 to respond to the Boston Tea Party. The act’s purpose was not to raise sales from the colonies. It gave a monopoly, or control, on tea sales to the East India Company. American colonists couldn’t buy more tea unless it came from the company. The Tea Act lowered the price on the East India tea.

Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was how people protested to the Townshend Act. On March 5, 1770, an angry crowd of workers and sailors surrounded a small group of soldiers. Many were dead and wounded. Governor Thomas Hutchinson tried to calm things down by having nine soldiers shooting and murdering people. On the other hand, John Adams, a Massachusetts lawyer, defended them. Right after the Boston Massacre happened, many people gathered with Sam Adams, the cousin of John Adams. That was when the Committee of Correspondence was established. Finally, a group of men gathered called the Sons of Liberty. Also, a group of women gathered called the Daughters of Liberty.

Declaratory Act The Declaratory Act was an act that said that the Parliament had total authority over the colonies.

Townshed Act The Townshend Act was a system created by Charles Townshend. This act was to enforce the new import duties and taxes. These taxes helped make the colonies independent and placed a tax on tea, glass, paper, paint and lead. As a result, many colonists protested and attacked the soldiers, which led to the Boston Massacre.

Pontiac's WarThe road to the American Revolution starts in 1763. There was a war with a group of Native Americans and the British. Britain controlled almost all of North America east of the Mississippi River. Pontiac, the leader of the Ottawa nation formed an alliance of Native Americans. During May 1763, Pontiac and his allies attacked the British and their forts. Most of the British were killed. Some British settlers killed some Native Americans who had not attacked them.

1770

Boston Tea PartyOn December 16, 1773, the Sons of Liberty had a plan. They gathered in port cities to stop the East India Company tea from being unloaded. They were dressed as Native Americans to disguise themselves. They protested the Tea Act by throwing 342 cases of tea into the harbor. As a result, they destroyed 90,000 pounds of tea worth thousands of dollars.

Johnny Tremain quote ‘Friends! Brethren! Countrymen! That worst of Plagues, the detested tea shipped for this Port by the East India Company, is now arrived in the Harbor: the hour of destruction, of manly opposition to the machinations of Tyranny, stares you in the face.’ – Sam Adams

"Boston Tea Party Interview"by Lauren Revilla and Matthew Takara


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