Road To The American Revolution

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Road To The American Revolution

MASSACHUSETTS GOVERNMENT ACT1774:As a part of the Intolerable Acts, Parliament put restrictions on the governing body of Massachusetts. It strengthened the power of the royal officials in the colonies. These royal officials were Tories, who were appointed by the King to govern the colonies in return for their loyalty. Parliament also put a restriction on town meetings in Boston, which is the most important factor of self government. They feared that the men part of the meetings were planning trason against Britain. "The British had forbidden the General Court to meet, but the men had merely changed the name of their legislative body and gone on sitting." (Chapter 10, page 239)


TEA ACT1773: The Tea Act was established by Parliament in the colonies on May 10, 1773. Parliament had repealed all other taxes/acts, and put a small tax only on tea. Colonists were only allowed to buy British tea from the East India Trading Company, which was Britain's largest company, giving them a complete monopoly over tea in the colonies. Due to the Navigation Acts and Writs of Assistance, The colonists could not buy their tea anywhere else. Three ships from England brought tea to the colonies. There was 18,000 pounds of unsold tea in Boston Harbor, blocking merchant ships from entering or leaving. The colonists didn't want the tea because they boycotted all British goods and because the tea blocked their ports. The British though that they were doing the colonists a favor by giving them cheaper tea. " Yes. God give us the strength to resist. That tea cannot be allowed to land. " (Chapter 6, page 124)" If the tea is landed - if that tax is paid - everything is lost. " (Chapter 6, page 125)

BOSTON TEA PARTY1773: The Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773. A large group of colonists disguised as Mohawk Indians dumped 342 chests 9which is equivalent to 18,000 pounds) of tea into Boston Harbor. This even was organized by the Sons of Liberty in protest of the Tea Act of 1773. Before destroying the tea, the Massachusetts government first wrote a letter to King George III asking him to remove the tea from the harbor, in which they were kater denied. Unlike what we see in the media, the Boston Tea Party was not violent. The colonists did not destroy anything but the tea, and even went as far as to cleaning up their mess afterwards. The British saw this event as an act of rebellion. " When the twenty days are up, on the night of the sisteenth of December, those ships are going to be boarded. That tea will be dumped into Boston Harbor." (Chapter 6, page 138)" Johnny gave his first shrill blast on his whistle and he heard whistles and cries seemingly in all directions, Indian war whoops, and 'Boston Harbor a teapot tonight!' Hurrah for Griffin's Wharf!' 'Salt-water tea!' 'Hi Mohawks, get your axes and pay no taxes!'"(Chapter 6, page 145)

INTOLERABLE ACTS1774:After the Boston Tea Party, King George III and Parliament were upset with Boston, and colonists in general. So, they decided to pass the Intolerable Acts of 1774. The Acts demolished the Upper House of the Massachusetts government and gave more power to the royal governors, which were appointed by the King. To the colonists, these acts were the last straw, and they were not going to tolerate the British anymore. The British were trying to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. " 'Well boys' said a voice, so cold one hardly knew whether he spoke in anger or not, 'you've had a fine, pleasant evening-for your Indian caper, haven't you? But mind ... you've got to the pay the fiddler yet." (Chapter 6, page 149)" Sam Adams was so happy his hands hook more than ever." (Chapter 7, page 153)

BOSTON PORT ACT1774:King George III and Parliament shut down the port of Boston until the colonists were willing to pay for all the tea that was destroyed. There was a blockade of British ships in the harbor preventing any snips from leaving or entering Boston. The colonists starved until the other colonies began to send them food. This was the first step in the colonies becoming united. "For it had been voted far-off in London that the port of Boston should be closed - not one ship may enter, not one ship may leave the port, except only His majesty's warships and transports, until the tea was paid for. Boston was to be straved into submission." (Chapter 7, page 153)"This closing of the port of Boston was indeed tyranny; this was oppression; it was the last straw upon the back of many a moderate man." (Chapter 7, page 154)

ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE ACT1774:Because many loyalists were being trialed in Boston, Parliament moved their trials to either Quebec or England. Parliament worried that the people may not get a fair trial in Boston, and that the colonists were biased.

BATTLE AT LEXINGTON ' CONCORD1775:The morning of April 19, 1775 was the start of the American Revolution. The Battle at Lexington and Concord was a small dispute and was NOT the first battle of the Revolution. British troops were on their way to Concord, by sea, to capture patriot arsenal. Not more than 100 men intercepted the British troops on the Lexington Town Green. Both sides were warned not to fire, unless the other side fired first. The men were silent, until a single gunshot was fired. It was the first shot of the American Revolution, also known as "the shot heard around the world." Until this day, no one knows who fired the shot. At the end of the skirmish, there were eight dead patriots, and ten wounded. The American Revolution had begun. Not long after the war had begun, the Second Continental Congress met together to discuss the war. Many of the delegates did not want to separate from Britain. Written by John Dickinson, the Congress came up with an Olive Branch Petiton. It stated that the colonies wanted recociliation, but also asked that the King respect the colonies as independent people, but also that they wanted to remain a part of Britain." And Major Pitcairn was saying 'Disperse, ye rebels, ye villains, disperse! Why don't ye lay down your arms?' The war had begun."(Chapter 10, page 245)"Seven hundred against seventy. It wasn't a battle. It was ... target practice ... for them. Some of our men were killed and the British huzzaed and took the road to Concord."(Chapter 11, page 256)"True, Rab had died. Hundreds would die, but not for the thing they died for. 'A man can stand up ..." (Chapter 12, page 300)

QUEBEC ACT1774:Under the Quebec Act, King George III appointed a new governor and a new council to handle affairs in Quebec. This new governor was loyal to the King and followed all of his orders. Parliament also extended Quebec's boundaries south and into the Ohio River Valley region that had been given to the Indians in accordance to the Proclamation of 1763. This proved that this policy in general had been a complete failure.

FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS1774:On September 5, 1774 delegates from all thirteen colonies, except Georgia, gathered in Carpenter's Hall in Pennsylvania. The delegates were chosen by either the people from their colony, the colonial legislature, or by the committees of correspond-ence. At this meeting, they discussed what their response would be to the Intolerable Acts. The Congress demanded a repeal of the Intolerable Acts, and wanted to establish themselves as independent colonies. They also wanted to remind King George and Parliament that the people had certain rights, and that these rights were being violated. They declared that the colonies had the right to tax and govern themselves. The men also voted on the training of militia to stand up to British troops, but only when necessay. The Congress also voted to bocott all British goods. The men agreed to meet again in May 1775 if their demands had not been answered. "Sam and John Adams were standing and the other members were crowding about them, shaking hands with them, wishing them success at the Cntinental Congress in Philadelphia." (Chapter 8, page 206)"We give all we have, lives, property, safety, skills ... we fight, we die, for a simple thing. Only that a man can stand up." (Chapter 8, page 212)

MIDNIGHT RIDE OF REVERE ' DAWES1775:Late at night on April 18, 1775 British troops marched out of Boston, on their way to confiscate partriot/colonist arsenal at Concord. Hearing word that John Hancock and John Adams were also in Concord, they planned to capture them along with the munitions. Paul Revere and Billy Dawes volunteered to ride by horseback to warn the minutemen of the approaching British troops. They decided to cross the countryside on separate routes, Dawes going by land on the Boston Neck Peninsula, and Revere going across the Charles River by boat. The Old North Church lanterns, which could be seen from Boston in Concord, would notify the colonists the route the British troops would be traveling. "If the British go out over the Neck, we will show one lantern. If by boats - two."(Chapter 10, page 240)"This very night - come darkness - the men would move, but in which direction? And who would be in charge of the expedition?"(Chapter 10, page 245)

QUARTERING ACT II1774:Parliament reinforced the Quartering Acts of 1765 and 1766. Colonists had to provide British troops withliving accommoda-tions and meals. This upset the colonists because, according to the Magna Charta and the English Bill of Rights, the King could not have a standing army in a time of peace. The King felt that the colonists should house the troops because they were trying to protect the them.

*FUN FACT*COMMITTEE OF CORRESPOND-ENCEThe Committees of Correspond-ence were established in all of the colonies in 1764. It was a system of communication between the thirteen colonies. The men apart of these groups would keep colonists informed of British actions in other colonies.









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