Road to the American Revolution

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by 8kaitlinng
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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Road to the American Revolution

Time Line

1754

French and Indian War

1763

Proclamtion of 1763

1754

The Currency Act

1764

1765

The Quatering Act

The Declaratory Act

1767

1765

1764

1765

1766

The Albany Congres

The Sugar Act

The Stamp Act

Sons of Liberty Formed

The Townshend Act

Parliament passed the Quartering Act. The purpose of the Quartering Act was to save money and also to enforce the Proclamation of 1763, Britain kept about ten-thousand soldiers in the colonies. The act required colonists to quarter which means house British troops and provide them with food and other supplies. The colonists protested angrily. The colonists complained that Parliament was violating their rights… again.

The Sugar Act was the British's effort to force new taxes on the colonies began in 1764. Parliament passed the Sugar Act, which put an import tax on several products, including molasses. Colonial merchants, who sometimes traded in smuggled goods, protested.

British officials found a way of taxing the colonists in a way that would not anger them. The Townshend Acts of 1767, Britain would no longer tax products or activities inside the colonies. It would only tax products brought into the colonies.

The Currency Act is one of the several acts that the Parliament in Britain passed. The Parliament managed paper money provided by the colonies of British America. The act seeked to protect British merchants and creditors from being paid in depreciated colonial currency. This act also controlled which paper money the colonist got to use.

Do you know what act was more unpopular than the Sugar Act and the Currency Act? The Stamp Act, passed by Parliament in 1765. This act required all colonists to buy special tax stamps for all kinds of products and activities. The stamps had to be placed on newspapers, wills, licenses, insurance policies, land titles, contracts, and other documents. The colonist were infuriated by the newest act passed by Parliament and protested against it and wanted the Sugar Act to be repealed but it wasn’t abolished.

The French and Indian War, also known as the seven-year war between England and the American colonies, against the French and some of the Indians in North America. This war was fought on parts of the Indian territory, When the war ended, France no longer had control of Canada. The Indians that had been threatening the American colonists were defeated. This war had become a world war. Great Britain spent an absurd of money fighting the war and colonists participated in this war. Both these facts were to have an intense effect on the future of the colonies. In the beginning of the war the British forces were defeated several times until William Pitt stepped up in 1757 and turned the tides of the war and the British had their first major victory at Louisbourg, near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. In 1763, the British received Canada from France and Florida from Spain, but permitted France to keep its West Indian sugar islands and gave Louisiana to back to Spain. The treaty strengthened the American colonies significantly by removing their European rivals to the north and south and opening the Mississippi Valley.

The Proclamation of 1763 Great Britain wanted to avoid further wars with Native Americans on the frontier. The British government issued the Proclamation of 1763. It banned colonist to settle west of a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains. Settlers were told they had to move to a location east of that line. The Proclamation of 1763 angered many colonists who thought they had the right to settle wherever they wanted. The proclamation was widely ignored and proved impossible for the British to enforce.

The Sons of Liberty started in Boston, Massachusetts in protest of the Stamp Act of 1765. The Sons of Liberty also opposed the Townshend Acts, the Tea Tax, and all forms of "Taxation without Representation”. The "Father of American Independence”, Samuel Adams, also the leader of The Sons of Liberty, Patrick Henry, John Hancock, James Otis, Paul Revere, and Doctor Joseph Warren, who was killed at Bunker Hill, were some of the more famous sons of liberty.

Road to The American Revolution

The Albany Congress happened in 1754 in Albany, New York. The British wanted the colonies to agree to defending themselves aging the French forces. The British also invited the Iroquois tribes to the meeting. They were hoping for an alliance but the Iroquois refused because they expected the French to win against the British in war. Benjamin Franklin believed that the colonies would succeed, and to prove his point he published a picture in the Philadelphia Gazette of a snake chopped into pieces with the warning “Join, or Die”.

1763

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In 1766, Parliament had finally repealed the Stamp Act thanks to all the protesting the colonist were doing. However, at the same time Parliament passed the Declaratory Act, which stated Parliament had total authority over the colonies. This created the stage for more trouble between Britain and it’s colonies.

“ So Rab was one of the semi-secret famous Sons of Liberty, those carefully organized "mobs" who often took justice into their own hands. They frightened royal officers out of Boston, stopped British admirals from impressing Yankee seamen, as they were impressed in England. They could at will paralyze trade, courts, government. Many a night Johnny had heard their whistles, conch shells, and cries of "town-born, turn out," the running of their feet. And next day had seen the effigies they had hung, the Tory fences they had torn down or windows broken, and heard that Royal Commissioner So-and-So had been frightened out of Boston. Or such-and-such a merchant had wept when haled before the Liberty Tree and sworn never to do trade with England until all grievances had been righted. The Laphams had hated such lawless seizure of government by the Sons of Liberty. Johnny had not thought much about it. Seeing the medal at Rab's throat made him think it might be fun to be out with them. “ (4.4.2)" Look you, Johnny. I know it's the Lord's Day, but there's a placard I must have printed and posted secretly tonight. The Sons of Liberty will take care of the posting, but Mr. Lorne must see to the printing. Could you run across and ask him to step over? And Rab-- where's he?" Chapter 6, Page 124, Rab

“ And old wound he had received fighting 40 years ago in the French and Indian had stiffened up on him.” Chapter 5 Page 117“ You see your father was a navel surgeon a prisoner of war while here in Boston.”Chapter 11 Page 272

Chapter 4 Page 82“ When the merchants agreed not to import any english goods until the Stamp Act was repealed, he was one of the first to sign- then imported secretly.”Chapter 4 Page 82“ He is trying to ride a hores Whig- and Tory. "

Part 2: Taylor


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