Road to Revolution

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by 8kiana
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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Road to Revolution

Navigation Acts restricted all trade within the empire to British ships. Only British ships could carry goods imported from Africa, Asia, and the non British colonies of America into any port of the British Empire. Encouraged by the Navigation Acts, a powerful British merchant fleet was soon sailing the seas between the colonies and the mother country.

Britain wanted to refrain further wars with Native Americans on the frontier. For this reason, the British government announced the Proclamation of 1763. The Proclamation banned all colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. Settlers were informed to move east of the Appalachian. The colonists were antagonized by the Proclamation. They believed in their right to settle in the Ohio River Valley.

The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770. An angry crowd of sailors and workers surrounded a small group of soldiers. A squad of British soldiers came to support a guard who was being pressed by a mocking, snowballing crowd. The frightened soldiers fired a volley of shots into the crowd, wounding six and killing five. The first victim was Crispus Attucks, an African American sailor.

The British attempt to finance the defense of the colonies began in 1764 when Parliament passed the Sugar Act. The Act put an import tax on several products, including molasses. Smugglers were penalized harsh. A few of colonial merchants that traded in smuggled goods, protested.

Navigation Acts restricted all trade within the empire to British ships. Only British ships could carry goods imported from Africa, Asia, and the non British colonies of America into any port of the British Empire. Encouraged by the Navigation Acts, a powerful British merchant fleet was soon sailing the seas between the colonies and the mother country.

Parliament passed the Quartering Act in 1765 to save money. This Act required colonists to provide provisions and house the British troops. The colonist disputed the Act. Colonists complained that Parliament was defying their rights.

The Stamp Act was passed by Parliament in early 1765. All colonists were required to buy special tax stamps for all sorts of activities and products. The stamps had to be placed on all legal documents. For example wills, insurance policies, land titles, newspapers, and contracts.

The Tea Act passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773. The Act was intended to support the British East India Company. The Tea Act lowered the price of tea by allowing the East India Company to ship tea directly to the colonies. The 1771 Act gave a monopoly on tea sales to the British India Company. Colonists could only buy tea if it came from that company. The colonists responded by boycotting English tea. This situation in Boston led to the Boston Tea Party.

"When merchants agreed not to import any English goods until the Stamp Act was repealed, he was one of the first to sign then imported secretly." (ch.4 pg.82)

"Tempers grew higher and higher. Boston was swept with passion it had not known since the Boston Massacre three years before." (ch.6 pg.141)

"You see your father was a navel surgeon a prisoner of war while here in Boston" (ch.11 pg.272) "And old wound he had received fighting 40 years ago in the French and Indian had stiffened up on him" (ch.5 pg.172)

" Regiment upon regiment of the finest British troops were arriving." (ch.7 pg.155) "Boston was inundated with British soldiers, and now every third person one met in the street wore the handsome uniform of King George the Third." (ch.7 pg.155)

"England had, by the fall of 1773, gone far in adjusting the grievances of her American colonies. But she insisted upon a small tax on tea." (ch.6 pg.123) "If that tea is landed if that tax is paid everything is lost." (ch.6 pg.125)

The Quartering Act

The Declaratory Act

The Stamp Act

The Boston Massacre

The Sugar Act

The Proclamation of 1763

The Navigation Acts

The French and Indian War

1754

1651

1763

1764

1770

The Townshed Act

The Tea Act

1765

1765

1766

1767

1773

Road to Revolution

The Declaratory Act of 1766 was a British Law. Parliament of Great Britain passed the law in mid March. Although Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, declaring that it had the right to tax the colonies. The passing of the Declaratory Act was the set stage for more trouble between Britain and her colonies.

Parliament passed the Townshend Acts of 1767 shortly after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Duties on lead, tea, glass, paint, and paper to help customs officers find illegal goods. Officers were allowed to use writs of assistance allowing customs officials to make searches without saying what they were searching. Many colonists saw these writs and searches as another violation of their rights.


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