Road to Revolution

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by 8myhre
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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Road to Revolution

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The American Revolution

The Sons of Liberty was a secret organization of American Patriots, which began in the Thirteen Colonies before the American Revolution had happen. The loyalists had thought about them as rebels, they were reason the Boston Tea Party had happen, they threw over the tea into the water because they didn’t wanted to be taxed on tea unfairly anymore.

In March 26, 1775 the second continental congress stated that Britain had declared war against them. General George Washington was made the commander in chief for the Continental Army. American ports were reopened in defiance of the Navigation Acts. On July 4, 1776, they adopted the Declaration of Independence.

Navigation Acts restricted all trade within the empire to British ships. Only British ships could carry goods imported from Africa, Asia, and the non British colonies of America into any port of the British Empire. Encouraged by the Navigation Acts, a powerful British merchant fleet was soon sailing the seas between the colonies and the mother country.

The First Continental Congress was held in Philadelphia in 1774. There were 55 members representing all the American colonies, but not Georgia. The First Continental Congress was a body of representatives assigned by the legislatures of twelve North American colonies of Great Britain in 1774. It shortly met up then set up its successor, the Second Continental Congress.

The Intolerable Acts were passed by Parliament in 1774 in reply to the Boston Tea Party. These acts closed the port of Boston until the tea had been paid for. Four measures which stripped Massachusetts of self-government and judicial independence following the Boston Tea Party. The colonies fought back with boycotting the British goods.

The treaty of Paris

The sons of Liberty

Committees of Correspondence

The battle at Lexington and Concord

The First Continental Congress

Second Continental Congress

The Quebec Act

Intolerable Acts

The Boston tea party

Navigation Acts

The American patriots were being taxed unfairly by the British and they were tired of it so they disguised as Mohawk Indians and dumped £9,000 ($11,153.43 US dollars back then) of East India Company tea into the Boston harbor. After the act was done, they cleaned up their mess and left it the way they came.

The Quebec passed by the British Parliament to begin a permanent administration in Canada replacing the temporary for a little government made at the time of the Proclamation of 1763. It gave the French Canadians religious freedom and restored the French form of civil law.

The Treaty of Pars was signed in Paris by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay. Due to the treaty, Britain acknowledged the independent nation of the United States of America. Britain had agreed to take all of its troops out from the new nation. The treaty also set new borders for the United States. All land from the Great Lakes on the north to Florida on the south, and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River. The Treaty of Paris was the ending of the French and Indian, 7 year War. France surrendered all mainland North American territories, except for New Orleans.

The Committees were originally organized groups in the Colonies that spread the news and helped to organize actions in protest of the British government. Sam Adams and Joseph Warren created a committee to protest against a British decision that happened recently. The salaries of the royal governor and judges were to be paid by the crown rather than the assembly. Later on, there were hundreds of committees being formed in the towns and villages of Massachusetts.

The battle at Lexington and concord was the opening war of the American Revolution. British soldiers were sent by General Thomas Gage to take over an armory used by the militia for guns, ammunition, and powder. The British were able to arrest John Hancock and Sam Adams for the actions of the Sons of Liberty like what they did for the Boston Tea Party.

"As yet only the British men of war had arrived. But the Transports were on sea."

"Disperse ye rebels ye villians desperse!" Why dont ye lay down your arms" P.254 Ch. 10"We give all we have, lives, property, safty, skills... we fight, we die, for a simple thing, only that a man can stand up." P.192 ch. 8

"That worst of Plagues, the detested tea shipped for this Port by the East India Company, is now arrived in the Harbour: the hour of destruction, of manly opposition to the machinations of Tyranny, stares you in the face."

" The Laphams had hated such a lawless seizure of government by the Sons of Liberty." P.89 ch.4

"He also began to employ him and Goblin to do express riding for the Boston Committee of Correspondence". (ch.5 pg.117)

"Sam and John Adams were standing and the other members were crowding about them, shaking hands with them, wishing them success at the Continental Congress in Philadelphia." (ch.8 pg.206)

"The British had forbidden the general court to meet, but the massachucetts men had barley changed the name of thei legislative body and gone on sitting. Ch.10 P.239


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