Road to Revolution pt. 2

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by 8kusaka
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Road to Revolution pt. 2

Road to the Revolution pt. 2

Writs of Assistance

Committees of CorrespondenceSamuel Adams, cousin of John Adams, established the Committees of Correspondence. His aim in creating the Committee of Correspondence was to keep the colonists informed of any British actions. This is because as conflict grew, many leaders found it to be important to keep in contact with people from different colonies. In order to do this pamphlets and letters were written to spread the alarm whenever Britain tried to enforce unpopular/unfavorable acts of Parliament. Soon committees were being created in other colonies. The Committees of Correspondence helped to unite the colonists against the British.

Repeal of Stamp ActOne year after being passed in 1765, the Stamp Act was repealed. Delegates from nine different colonies met in New York for the Stamp Act Congress. There, they sent a petition to the King and Parliament. A petition is a written request to a government. Their petition demanded for the repeal of the Stamp and Sugar Act. Their petition was successful, thus the Repeal of the Stamp Act in 1766. Though at the same time that the Stamp Act was repealed, Parliament passed a new Act.

Stamp ActMany other Acts followed the Sugar Act, for example the Stamp Act. The Stamp act was passed by Parliament in 1765, just one year after the Sugar Act. The Stamp Act required that people buy stamps and place them on their written documents. For example, their newspapers, contracts, licenses, and land titles. Though, there were many protests against the Stamp Act. Virginia’s House of Burgesses passed resolutions stating that only they had the right to tax their people. Patrick Henry, one of the youngest members of Virginia’s House of Burgesses, also gave an emotional speech speaking against the law.

1767

1764

1765

1766

Sugar ActIn 1764 the Sugar Act was passed by Parliament. It was the beginning of the British’s efforts to impose new taxes on the colonies. The purpose of the Sugar Act was to put an import tax, or duty on molasses and several other products. It would also mean harsh punishment for anyone who tried to smuggle goods. Merchants who traded in smuggled goods protested against this Act basically because it would mean punishment for them.

Boycott of British GoodsMerchants in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia organized a boycott on British goods. A boycott is an organized campaign to refuse to buy certain products. They organized this boycott by following Virginia’s example of protesting the Stamp Act. Soon the boycotts spread to all other colonies.

Quartering ActOne year after the Sugar Act, the Quartering Act was passed. The Quartering Act’s purpose was to save money. This is because Britain kept about 10,000 soldiers in the colonies in order to enforce the Proclamation of 1763. The Proclamation of 1763 banned colonists from settling west of a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains to avoid future wars with Native Americans on the frontier. The Quartering Act required colonists to house or quarter soldiers and provide them with food and other supplies they needed. The colonists grew angry, as they thought this was another violation of their rights.

Declaratory ActIn 1766, just as the Stamp Act was repealed, Parliament passed the Declaratory Act. The purpose of the Declaratory Act was to state that Parliament had total authority/control over the colonies. This would lead to future trouble between Britain and the colonies.

“He also began to employ him and Goblin to do express riding for the Boston Committee of Correspondence.” Chapter 5 Page 117“Johnny pricked up his ears. Ever since he had come to Mr. Lorne’s (and Rab said he might be trusted with anything – possibly with men’s lives) he had now and then summoned the members of the Observer’s Club.” Chapter 6 Page 125-126“Simply say, ‘Mr. So and So owes eight shillings for his newspaper.’ Johnny nodded. That meant the meeting would be tonight at eight o’clock.” Chapter 6 Page 126

Townshend ActsThe Townshend Acts were imposed on the colonies in 1767. This is because Britain wanted a way to tax the colonists without angering them. Under the Townshend Acts only products being brought into the colonies would be taxed, rather than products or activities already in the colonies.Charles Townshend introduced Parliament to and convinced Parliament to pass the Townshend Acts and many other laws/acts. He was the official in charge of the British treasury and wanted to weaken colonial assemblies. When the New York assembly refused to obey the Quartering Act, Parliament suspended the assembly. The colonists’ reactions were the boycott of British goods.

“The Whigs declaring that taxation without representation is tyranny. The Tories believing all differences could be settled with time, patience, and respect for government.” Chapter 4 Page 82“Doctor Cooper was putting more politics than gospel into his sermons that fall and more fear of ‘taxation without representation ‘ than God into his congregation.” Chapter 6 Page 123

“Nor did Boston starve. From one end of the Atlantic seaboard to the other, towns and even villages sent great shipments of food.” Chapter 7 Page 160 “People were standing in angry knots talking, gesticulating, swearing that yes, they would starve, they would go down to ruin rather than give in now.” Chapter 7 Page 153

“But when he went to the Afric Queen, he was going into enemy territory. The Tavern had been taken over bodily by British officers, chief among whom was Colonel Francis Smith.” Chapter 7 Page 166“Goblin was the only horse in the stable that did not belong to a British officer, for the landlord had sent his to the country, fearing they would either be commandeered by the occupying troops or that he could not get hay for them.” Chapter 7 Page 166

Link to part 3

“ ‘That’s all you’ll need. Mr. Lyte was a fool to bring so flimsy a charge against you.’ ” Chapter 4 Page 90“We could hear the men marching down the street… It was terrible.” Chapter 11 Page 266

“ ‘He’s sly. When the merchants agreed not to import any English goods until the Stamp Act was repealed, he was one of the first to sign – then imported secretly.’ ” Chapter 4 Page 82 “They honestly think we’re better off to take anything from the British Parliament – let them break us down, stamp in our faces, take all we’ve got by taxes, and never protest.” Chapter 4 Page 82-83


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