Road to Revolution- and more...

by Cableguy
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Road to Revolution- and more...

PLEASE READ BEFORE YOU WATCH!!!IMPORTANT!!!Everyone, this is, and has been for a very long time, my favorite song in the world. It is called "Opening Titles" by Rob Lane. It also happened to be used as the theme song for an HBO special miniseries titled "John Adams". It was all about John Adams, and I watched it too. Anyway, I hope you like this song just as mush as I do. I would also suggest that after you start the video, click the insignia in the bottom-right hand corner of the video that says "YOUTUBE" if you want better quality...(It's better when it's played with the pictures in the video, just because of all the different revolutional flags flying in the backround.)

Proclamation of 1763This was a proclamation made shortly after the Seven Year's War. (French and Indian War) After the Seven Year's War, the colonists in New England thought that since they helped defeat New France, they should be able to settle on those lands. However, neither France nor England had any money left. King George III of Britain and Parliament decided that Britain could not afford to protect the colonies from attacks by the angry Natives, who were mad at the British because they did not give supplies and food to the Natives as the French were customed to. To solve the problem, Parliament signed the Proclamation of the Line in 1763, which stated that English colonists could not settle beyond the Appalachian Mountains.

George IIIKing George III was the British King who made all of the unfair laws. After the Seven Year's war, he saw the colonies as giant money machines, and went ahead, taxing on this, taxing on that, and then started taxing on things that the colonies needed or used every day, such as paper, tea, sugar, (which most colonists would not drink their tea without) and basic necessities like shipping, which was the only way to transport items to and from Europe.

Quartering ActTo keep the peace between Native Americans and colonists, Britain sent over 10,000 soldiers. To help pay for the soldiers, Britain passed the Quartering Act, which required colonists to provide food, shelter, liquor, and luxuries for the troops. This made the colonists very angry because the colonists didn't have any money that they could spend on soldiers.

Stamp ActThis was the first tax that King George III put on the colonies, a tax on all things made of paper. The colonists became very angry, not because of the tax itself, but because of how it was made. In Parliament, there was no colonial representatives, so the colonies, which were the only thing that these acts had to do with, had no say in what laws were put on them. It started some of the first Patriotic ideas and riots, as many colonists would go to the tax collectors' houses to chant,"No Taxation Without Representation!"

Boston MassacreIn March of 1770, a group of British troops, who were patroling the streets in Boston, Massachusetts, opened fire into a crowd of colonists. It was caused by a group of colonists who were taunting the British troops and throwing snowballs at them. Soon the group of colonists started to throw larger and more dangerous items such as cricket bats and rocks. The redcoats opened fire upon the crowd, killing 5 people. In an effort to spread propaganda about the British, they called it the Boston Massacre, and kept the fact that only five people were killed a secret. The tensions that caused the colonists to taunt the patrol officers was the 10,000 soldiers that King George III placed in Boston to monitor the colonies for him.

John AdamsJohn Adams, brother of Samuel Adams, and father of John Quincy Adams, was a great politician and lawyer. He was first known when he single handedly defended the British troops who were responsible for the Boston Massacre in an American courthouse, and won the case. He contributed a lot to the American Revolution. He made speaches about the colonies coming together, and he was the person who gave the first speech, in front of the 1st Continental Congress, about Independence from Britain and the dream of a free nation. He was also the one who nominated Thomas Jefferson, who was John's friend since birth and was a writer by trade, to be the person to write the Declaration of Independence. (Quick reference about John's and Thomas' relationship: John and Thomas were both born on the same day, 4th of July, and both died on the same day, which happened to also be 4th of July. They both died on their 90th birthday; so sad:( He also nominated George Washington to be the Commander in Chief of the Colonial Army. During the war, John Adams was sent to Spain and then to France to ask for financial aid and help in establishing a credit union for the United States. France agreed to a deal that gave the U.S. £20 million. About two weeks later the war ended and, ironically, as soon as John got home, he was appointed Ambassador of Britain. When George Washington became the 1st President of the United States of America, John was his Vice President, and later became the 2nd President. His son, John Quincy Adams, later became the 6th. You may not find a lot of this information in the textbook. I know a lot of this from the HBO miniseries "John Adams" that I mentioned in the speech bubble to the right of the video.

Thomas PaineThomas was the author of a famous piece of literature titled "Common Sence". In this book, Thomas gave colonists powerful arguments for the independence from Britain. He wrote in a way that made colonists feel like they were being spoken to personally.

Boston Tea PartyThe most famous of all of the protests against the tea tax was the Boston Tea Party. This protest was actually organized by the Sons of Liberty, an organization founded by Samuel Adams that helped emphasize to the King how badly the colonies hated him. During the Boston Tea Party, colonists dressed as Indians and raided the tea ships, throwing all of the tea into the harbor.

Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams was not much to look at, but he moved many colonists with his famous speeches and writings about the British. When the Townshend Acts were passed, he sent a letter to all of the colonies that said to boycott the products that were being taxed. Soon, more and more colonists were boycotting products from England such as tea, paper, paint, and glass. He also was the leader of the Sons of Liberty and helped organize the Boston Tea Party riot.

Sons of LibertyThe Sons of Liberty was an organization that was founded and led by Samuel Adams, who wanted to emphasize to the King that the colonies wanted to be treated as citizens in Britain were treated; they wanted freedom.

Intolerable ActsThe Intolerable Acts were what the colonists called the things that they could not tolerate that helped Britain keep control of the colonies. Among these acts was the King's order to shut down Boston's harbor shortly after the Boston Tea Party.

1st Continental CongressThe 1st Continental Congress was the main governmental organization in the colonies. The first meeting was about the Intolerable Acts. They decided that they wanted to stay loyal to the King, so they sent a message requesting the taxes to be lifted. The King never read the message and instead responded by sending more troops to Boston.

Battles of Lexington and ConcordThese battles were fought because of the first colonial soldiers, who called themselves minutemen; they could be ready to fight in a minute's notice. Some of them hid weopons in secret arsenals around Lexington and Concord, and so when British troops found out about it, they had battles there in an effort to disarm the colonists. These first shots, fired in 1775, marked the start of the American Revolution.

Declaration of IndependenceThomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence after John Adams and Benjamin Franklin nominated him to be the man to do so. He was supervised by John Adams, just to make sure the document was perfect. After the writing was complete, they wrote a second copy and sent only the copy, not the original, because they realized that it would have been a waste of time if they sent the only copy to the King and have the risk that the King might just rip it to shreads and toss it on his fire. The original copy is now exhibited in the Rotunda for the Charters of Freedom in Washington, D.C.

Common SenseThis was a book written by Thomas Paine, which was published anonymously on January 10, 1776. In relation to the population of the colonies, the book had the largest scale and circulation of any other book in American history. It gave colonists a powerful reason for independence from British rule at a time when independence was undecided and was a question rather than a statement. Thomas wrote it in a way that the ordinary person could understand, making many Biblical references to make his case, almost like a sermon rather than philosophy and Latin references used by the Enlightenment era writers.


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