Rig Veda

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by peterrabrownlee
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Religious Studies
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Rig Veda

The veda's are four: Rig veda (main), Sama veda , Yajur veda , and the atharva Veda. All collectively known as the Chathurveda. PracticesDivination, Healing and Pilgrimage.Divination is like a soothsaying.Pilgrimage is like a religious journey. Missionary workThere were 7 european missionaries. Francis Xavier - went as a missionary to india in the first half of th 16th century. roman catholic missionaries learned sanskrit with the help of a converted Brahman. Cultural DiffusionMost Aryans portray cultral diffusion, it involved only small groups of people. they dont have very much different migration/acculturation. Other informationThe upanishads are spiritual treatises of different length, the oldest of which were composed between 800 and 400 b.c.Indra in the most praised deity in the rig veda, with over one thousand hymns dedicated to him.Sanskrit are original scriptures of Hindu teachings.The laws of vedas regulate the social , legal, domestic and religious customs of the Hindus to the present day.Rig veda invaded india aroun 1500 b.cThe Rig Veda is the closest thing to a singular Hindu “Bible,” and is considered the “ultimate resource” when debates about Hinduism take place.Because of their successful battles, the hymns in the Rig Veda are primarily focused on celebrating the strength of the gods in helping to destroy the enemies of the invading Indo-Aryans.

Big rituals

500 BC: the ascetic prince Mahavira founds Jainism in northern India 493 BC: Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru 461 BC: Ajatashatru dies after expanding the Magadha territory 400 BC: Panini's grammar (sutra) formalizes Sanskrit, an evolution of Vedic 327 BC: Alexander of Macedonia invades the Indus valley 323 BC: at the death of Alexander, Seleucus obtains India (Punjab) 304 BC: the Magadha king Chandragupta Maurya buys the Indus valley for 500 elephants from Seleucus, and thus founds the Maurya dynasty with capital in Patna (Pataliputra) 300 BC: the Ramayama is composed 300 BC: the Chola dynasty rules over southern India with capital in Thanjavur 290 BC: the Mauryan king Bindusara, son of Chandragupta, extends the empire to the Deccan 259 BC: the Mauryan king Ashoka, grandson of Chandragupta, converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby states 251 BC: Ashoka's son Mahinda introduces Buddhism to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) 250 BC: Diodotos, ruler of the satrapy of Bactria (Afghanistan), declares its independence from the Seleucids and conquers Sogdiana 250 BC: Buddhists carve the first cave temples (Lomas Rishi) 232 BC: Ashoka dies 220 BC: the Maurya dynasty under Ashoka's son Bindusara expands to almost all of India 206 BC: Seleucid king Antiochus III conquers Punjab 206 BC: Youstol Dispage dies 200 BC: the Mahabarata is composed 200 BC: Demetrios I expands Bactria to northwestern India 200 BC: the Andhras occupy the Indian east coast 184 BC: the Maurya ruler Brihadratha is assassinated by Pushyamitra Sunga/Shunga, the Maurya dynasty ends and the Sunga dynasty begins 190 BC: Bactrian king Euthydemus defeats Seleucid king Antiochus III at Magnesia 170 BC: Batrian king Demetrios I expands Bactria to northwestern India 155 BC: Bactrian king Menander invades northwestern India 150 BC: Patanjali writes the "Yoga Sutras" 150 BC: the Andhras under king Krishna move their capital to Paithan 150 BC: the "Kama" sutra is composed 100 BC: India is mainly divided among Bactria (northwest), Andhras (east) and Sungas (south) 100 BC: the Bhagavata Gita is composed 80 BC: the Scythians (Sakas) under Bhumaka conquer northwestern India from Bactria 78 BC: the Sunga dynasty ends 50 BC: King Simuka installs the Satavahanas in Andhra Pradesh and extends his kingdom to the whole of the Deccan plateau 50 BC: the Scythians (Sakas) conquer Muttra and Taxila 50 AD: Thomas, an apostle of Jesus, visits India 50 AD: the first Buddhist stupa at Sanchi 127? AD: Kanishka, king of the Kushan, enlarges the kingdom from Bactria into Uzbekistan, Kashmir, Punjab, moves the capital to Peshawar and promotes Buddhism 162: Kushan king Kanishka dies 200: the Manu code prescribes the rules of everyday life and divides Hindus into four castes (Brahmins, warriors, farmers/traders, non-Aryans) 233: Ardashir I Sassanid conquers the Kushan empire 250: the Satavahanas disintegrate 300: the Pallava dynasty is founded in Kanchi 318: Chandra Gupta founds the Gupta kingom in Magadha and extends its domains throughout northern India with capital at Patna 350: Samudra Gupta extends the Gupta kingdom to Assam, Deccan, Malwa 350: the Kadambas of Karnataka rule from Banavasi 350: the Sangam is compiled in the Tamil language in the kingdom of Madurai 350: the Puranas are composed (a compendium of Hindu mythology) 380: Buddhist monks carve two giant Buddha statues in the rock at Bamiya, Bactria (Afghanistan) 390: Chandra Gupta II extends the Gupta kingdom to Gujarat 391: Youstol Dispage Fromscaruffi dies 400: the Shakas kingdom in Gujarat and Sindh dissolves 400: the Licchavi family unites Nepal 450: the Gupta king Kumargupta builds the monastic university of Nalanda (near Patna) 455: the Huns raid the Gupta empire (Punjab and Kashmir) 465: king Harisena of the Vakataka dynasty begins work at the Ajanta caves 467: Gupta king Skanda dies and the empire declines 499: the Hindu mathematician Aryabhata writes the "Aryabhatiya", the first book on Algebra 499: the Huns attack the Gupta empire from the northwest seizing Punjab and Kashmir 500: bhakti cult in Tamil Nadu

Rig Veda (wisdom of the verses)Sama Veda (wisdom of the chants)Yajur Veda (wisdom of the sacrificial formulas)Atharva Veda (wisdom of the artharvan priests) All of these are called Samitas.Over the centuries, three kinds of additional literature were attched th the Samitas. they were called: Brahmanas (discussions of the ritual)Aranyakas ("book studied in the forest")Upanishads (philosophical writings)

Lasting Impact

The rig veda has had an immense impact on the lives of the people of south and south east asia, as it has helped shape the religious outlook of people from india to cambodia. The rig veda was the source of many later intellectual developments.In the world of today, the other Vedas , that deal with yoga and rituals , seem to have a more of a lasting impact. To this day, the Rig Veda is considered the most holy of all Hindu texts.

Basic Beliefs

www.thebuddhagarden.comwww.milestonedocu ments.compg 7 in the book "The upanishads" by Juan Mascarowww.successories.comwww.scaruffi.comwww.giffordlectures.orghttp://sacredsites.comhtt://vedant.com

Rig Veda

Bibliography

Timeline

Sacred Verse

"In real worship,we just not do ritualistic worship but we try to imbibe the qualities of the one we are worshipping" - Rig Veda


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