Rheumatoid Arthritis

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by naomilopezdiaz
Last updated 4 years ago

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Most symptoms for patiants with Rheumatoid Arthritis are: Pain in the back, joints, or muscles. Stiffness, swelling, tenderness, or weakness in the joints. Bump on the finger or swelling. Anemia, fatigue, or malaise on the body. Lumps or redness on the skin Acute episodes and mouth dryness are also common.People also experience: Eye problems Hard to heal injuries Foot problems Numbnessn or tingling in the hands Aching joints Morning stiffness that lasts longer than half an hour, which distinguishes RA from osteoarthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis occurs when your immune system attacks the synovium — the lining of the membranes that surround your joints. Doctors are not sure, but it seems that it is a genetic disorder.Things that may affect the development and symptoms of RA are: Smoking Coffee Weather Seasonal allergies(G) Alcohol Pregnancy Breast feeding(G) Flu

Etiology

Diagnosis of RA depends on the symptoms and results of a physical exam, such as warmth, swelling and pain in the joints. Some blood tests also can help confirm RA.

Diagnosis

Symptoms

Prevention

Although there is no way to get rid of RA, there is medication that a patiant can take to relieve symptoms. There are different drugs used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Some are used primarily to ease the symptoms of RA; others are used to slow or stop the course of the disease and to inhibit structural damage.The goals of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment are to: Stop inflammation (put disease in remission) Relieve symptoms Prevent joint and organ damage Improve physical function and overall well-being Reduce long-term complications

Treatment

There is no known way to prevent it, because the exact causes are still unknown. However, there may be ways to reduce the chance of developing severe joint damage after an RA diagnosis.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune system attacks normal joint tissues, causing inflammation of the joint lining.This inflammation of the joint lining (called the synovium) can cause pain, stiffness, swelling, warmth, and redness. The affected joint may also lose its shape, resulting in loss of normal movement. RA is an ongoing disease, with active periods of pain and inflammation, known as flares, alternating with periods of remission, when pain and inflammation disappear.RA can affect many different joints. In some people, it can even affect parts of the body other than the joints, including the eyes, blood, the lungs, and the heart.

What is it?

RA is an autoimmune disease. The initial triggers of RA are unclear; hormones, genetics and environmental factors may all play a role.Once the initial immune response is triggered, cells of the immune system produce autoantibodies and inflammatory cytokines, creating a cascade of inflammation resulting in the formation of pannus; the pannus invades and destroys cartilage and bone. Additional joint damage and systemic complications ensue, resulting from a complex process of inflammatory mediators being released in the affected joint.

Pathophysiology


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