Rheumatoid Arthritis

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by pearlypop22
Last updated 5 years ago

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a long term (chronic) inflammatory disease that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness of joints. It can affect the entire body, including the eyes and lungs. Sadly, there is no known cause for this disease. However, it primarily involves the connective tissue that lines the joints (synovial membrane). This can cause damage to the joints.

Home Care Instructions-remain physically active and reduce activity when disease worsens-eat a well balanced diet-put heat on affected joints upon waking and before activities-put ice on affected joints following activities or exercising-take medicine and supplements as directed by your health care provider-use splints, which help maintain joint position and function, as directed by your health care provider-participate in a self-management program and coping skills-DO NOT sleep with a pillow under your knees. It may lead to spasms

Symptoms-pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased motion of joints especially in the hands and feet-stiffness that is worse in the morning and may last longer than an hour-numbness and tingling in the hands-fatigue-loss of appetite-weight loss-low-grade fever-dry eyes and mouth-firm lumps (rheumatoid nodules) that grow beneath the skin in areas such as the elbows and hands

TreatmentThe goals of treatment are to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and slow or stop joint damage and disability. Methods include:-maintaining a balance of rest, exercise, and proper nutrition -physical and occupational therapy as needed-surgery for patients with severe joint damage-routine monitoring and ongoing care such as office visits, blood and urine tests, and X-raysThe Doctor may perscribe some medicines including:-pain relievers (analgestics)-corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)-biologic response modifiers

Lovelyn ImohNUR 223


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