Rene Descartes

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Rene Descartes

Rene Descartes

Quotes“Cogito ergo sum.” - “I think, therefore I am.”-widely popular quote from Descartes’ Discourse on the Method-states that pondering one’s existence proves that one, in fact, exists-fundamental turning point in Western Philosophy"One cannot conceive anything so strange and so implausible that it has not already been said by one philosopher or another."-Rene Descartes, 'Le Discours de la Methode,' 1637-He believed that all that had been discovered was all there could be--closed minded

How the scientist uses or doesn’t use the scientific method-Created the basis of the scientific method--see science as a method rooted in observation and experiment in these as demonstrations of pure reason

Effects of his Intellectual Discoveries -Set a standard for the derivation of empirical information through his beginning formula of the scientific method-His book, Principles of Philosophy, is a staple in philosophy classrooms even todaycreated the basis for modern Western philosophy

Book TitlesTreatise on Man On the Immortality of the Soul--Refer back to Acomplishments

Relationship to the Church-Supported the idea that there was a God and that he is the creator as well as the reason behind any unexplainable actions -Rejected anti-theological positions in physics--Because of this, he was generally liked by the church

Early Life and NationalityBorn 31 March 1596La Haye, in the Touraine region of France

Scientific Discoveries-Works on anatomy--basic knowledge on optics -basic laws of physics are those of the geometry of objects in motion, -use deductive knowledge on God to solve anything else that is inexplainable -Applied a priori reasoning to geometric proofs

Acomplishments- first philosopher to describe the physical universe in terms of matter and motion- wrote four crucial books on Western philosophy: - Passions of the Soul - Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking the Truth in Sciences - Meditations on First Philosophy In Which the Existence of God and the Immortality of the Soul are Demonstrated - Principles of Philosophy- synthesises the points driven in Discourse and Meditations- philosophizes that the world was made of matter and spirit- matter refers to the physical nature of humans and the universe- spirit refers to the human mind and its mechanisms - considered the “Father of Modern Philosophy” - created the Cartesian coordinate system, which allowed reference to a point in space as a set of numbers, and allowed algebraic systems to be expressed as geometric shapes- rejected the idea of splitting corporeal substance into matter and form, a widely acknowledged idea in Scholasticism

Descartes, Rene. "Quotations by Author." Rene Descartes Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. . Lomonaco, Joey. "Descartes and the Scientific Revolution." Western Civilization II. N.p., 12 Nov. 2010. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. . "RENE DESCARTES (1595-1650)." RENE DESCARTES. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. . "RENE DESCARTES 1596-1650 "I Think, Therefore I Am."" DESCARTES. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. . Wilson, Fred. "Internet Encyclopedia of PhilosophyDescartes: Scientific Method []." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., 9 Feb. 2008. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. .


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